Taurine

Taurine Structure
Taurine
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Common Name Taurine
CAS Number 107-35-7 Molecular Weight 125.147
Density 1.5±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point N/A
Molecular Formula C2H7NO3S Melting Point >300 °C(lit.)
MSDS Chinese USA Flash Point N/A
Symbol GHS07
GHS07
Signal Word Warning

 Use of Taurine


Taurine is an organic acid widely distributed in animal tissues.Target: OthersTaurine is a major constituent of bile and can be found in the large intestine and accounts for approximately 0.1% of total human body weight [1]. Taurine is present in high concentration in algae and in the animals including insects and arthropods, but is generally absent or present in traces in the bacterial and plant kingdoms [2]. In cardiac tissue alone, taurine levels of 20 mM or higher may be found. Taurine availability protects against cholestasis induced by monohydroxy bile acids remains confined to guinea pigs [3]. Oral supplementation of taurine results in increased plasma taurine concentrations and is associated with normalization of left ventricular function in both groups of cats. Myocardial concentrations of taurine are directly related to plasma concentrations and low plasma concentrations are found to be associated with myocardial failure in cats, proposing a direct link occurs between decreased taurine concentration in the myocardium and decreased myocardial mechanical function [4].

 Names

Name Taurine
Synonym More Synonyms

 Taurine Biological Activity

Description Taurine is an organic acid widely distributed in animal tissues.Target: OthersTaurine is a major constituent of bile and can be found in the large intestine and accounts for approximately 0.1% of total human body weight [1]. Taurine is present in high concentration in algae and in the animals including insects and arthropods, but is generally absent or present in traces in the bacterial and plant kingdoms [2]. In cardiac tissue alone, taurine levels of 20 mM or higher may be found. Taurine availability protects against cholestasis induced by monohydroxy bile acids remains confined to guinea pigs [3]. Oral supplementation of taurine results in increased plasma taurine concentrations and is associated with normalization of left ventricular function in both groups of cats. Myocardial concentrations of taurine are directly related to plasma concentrations and low plasma concentrations are found to be associated with myocardial failure in cats, proposing a direct link occurs between decreased taurine concentration in the myocardium and decreased myocardial mechanical function [4].
Related Catalog
Target

Human Endogenous Metabolite

Solvent
In Vitro:

H2O : 24 mg/mL (191.77 mM; Need ultrasonic and warming)

Solubility
1 mM 7.9904 mL 39.9521 mL 79.9041 mL
5 mM 1.5981 mL 7.9904 mL 15.9808 mL
10 mM 0.7990 mL 3.9952 mL 7.9904 mL
Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Shipping Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere
SMILES NCCS(=O)(O)=O
References

[1]. Huxtable, R.J., Physiological actions of taurine. Physiol Rev, 1992. 72(1): p. 101-63.

[2]. Huxtable, R.J., Taurine in the central nervous system and the mammalian actions of taurine. Prog Neurobiol, 1989. 32(6): p. 471-533.

[3]. Chesney, R.W., Taurine: its biological role and clinical implications. Adv Pediatr, 1985. 32: p. 1-42.

[4]. Pion, P.D., et al., Myocardial failure in cats associated with low plasma taurine: a reversible cardiomyopathy. Science, 1987. 237(4816): p. 764-8.

Related Molecules 3-Methyladenine | Hydrocortisone | Acetylcysteine | Tretinoin | Melatonine | Prostaglandin E2 | Nicotinamide | Adenosine triphosphate | 4-Acetamidophenol | Prostaglandin E1 | Dehydroepiandrosterone | Corticosterone | Progesterone | Docosahexaenoic Acid | NAD+
Related Doc

SDS |COA |HNMR

*The above documents are provided by Medchemexpress and are for scientific research only.

 Chemical & Physical Properties

Density 1.5±0.1 g/cm3
Melting Point >300 °C(lit.)
Molecular Formula C2H7NO3S
Molecular Weight 125.147
Exact Mass 125.014664
PSA 88.77000
LogP -2.46
Index of Refraction 1.515
Storage condition 2-8°C
Stability Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
Water Solubility 5-10 g/100 mL at 23.5 ºC

 Toxicological Information

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
WX0175000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Taurine
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
107-35-7
LAST UPDATED :
199710
DATA ITEMS CITED :
16
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C2-H7-N-O3-S
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
125.16
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
Z2SWQ

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
>5 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
>7 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory depression Skin and Appendages - hair
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
>7 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
6630 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
6 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
>7 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
>7 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
>2 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
>1 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD - Lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - species unspecified
DOSE/DURATION :
>10 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
182 gm/kg/13W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - changes in sodium Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - changes in chlorine
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
878 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
multigenerations
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - growth statistics (e.g.%, reduced weight gain)

MUTATION DATA

TEST SYSTEM :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
7560 mg/kg/6W
REFERENCE :
CRNGDP Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House, Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK) V.1- 1980- Volume(issue)/page/year: 9,387,1988 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - X7233 No. of Facilities: 167 (estimated) No. of Industries: 5 No. of Occupations: 13 No. of Employees: 19927 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 3025 (estimated)

 Safety Information

Symbol GHS07
GHS07
Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H315-H319-H335
Precautionary Statements P305 + P351 + P338
Personal Protective Equipment dust mask type N95 (US);Eyeshields;Gloves
Hazard Codes Xi: Irritant;
Risk Phrases R36/37/38
Safety Phrases S26-S36-S24/25
RIDADR NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 2
RTECS WX0175000
HS Code 2921199090

 Synthetic Route

 Customs

HS Code 2921199090
Summary 2921199090 other acyclic monoamines and their derivatives; salts thereof VAT:17.0% Tax rebate rate:9.0% Supervision conditions:none MFN tariff:6.5% General tariff:30.0%

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