Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin Structure
Ciprofloxacin
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Common Name Ciprofloxacin
CAS Number 85721-33-1 Molecular Weight 331.341
Density 1.5±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point 581.8±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Formula C17H18FN3O3 Melting Point 255-257°C
MSDSCiprofloxacin MSDS|SDS|pdf download Chinese USA Flash Point 305.6±30.1 °C

 Use of Ciprofloxacin


Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, exhibiting potent antibacterial activity.

 Names

Name ciprofloxacin
Synonym More Synonyms

 Ciprofloxacin Biological Activity

Description Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, exhibiting potent antibacterial activity.
Related Catalog
In Vitro Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, exhibiting potent antibacterial activity[1]. Ciprofloxacin (CIP) shows potent activity against Y. pestis with MIC90 of 0.03 μg/mL[2].
In Vivo Ciprofloxacin (1 mg/L) induces glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity, in contrast with inhibited GST and Catalase (CAT) of larvae exposed to enrofloxacin. Ciprofloxacin (≥10 μg/L) and enrofloxacin are ecotoxic for development, growth, detoxifying, and oxidative stress enzymes in anuran amphibian larvae[1]. In a murine model of pneumonic plague, Ciprofloxacin (30 mg/kg, i.p.) results in a drug exposure which is similar to the drug exposure observed in human following a 500 mg dose of oral Ciprofloxacin. Intraperitoneal Ciprofloxacin reduces the lung bacterial load compare to controls treated with intraperitoneal PBS[3].
Solvent
In Vitro:

DMSO : < 1 mg/mL (insoluble or slightly soluble)

Solubility
1 mM 3.0180 mL 15.0902 mL 30.1805 mL
5 mM 0.6036 mL 3.0180 mL 6.0361 mL
10 mM 0.3018 mL 1.5090 mL 3.0180 mL
Cell Assay Bacterial inocula are prepared by suspending colonies into Mueller-Hinton broth (CAMHB) (containing Ciprofloxacin) from 18 to 24 h (B. anthracis) or 42 to 48 h (Y. pestis) on sheep blood agar (SBA) plates that are incubated at 35°C. Suspended cultures are diluted with CAMHB to a bacterial cell density of 105 CFU/mL adjusted based on the optical density at 600 nm. To each well of the 96-well plate, 50 μL of dilutions is added for a final inoculum of ~5×104 CFU/well. Plates are incubated at 35°C. MICs are determined visually at 18 to 24 h (B. anthracis) or 42 to 48 h (Y. pestis) and also by absorbance at 600 nm[2].
Animal Admin Female BALB/cAnNCrl (BALB/c) mice, 8 to 10 weeks old and 20 g (±4 g) are used in this assay. A single dose of Ciprofloxacin (30 mg/kg) is administered to mice (n=30) via the intraperitoneal (i.p.) route. The mice (n=3/time point/group) are culled at 1, 10, 20, or 30 min and 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 8, 12 h following Ciprofloxacin administration and 1, 15, or 30 min and 1, 2, 4, 6, 10, 18, or 24 h following DRCFI or CFI administration. Blood sampling points are chosen based upon the short half-life of Ciprofloxacin and longer half-life of CFI. Blood and lungs (whole organ) are collected post mortem for analysis. The lung doses following CFI or DRCFI administration are calculated using the concentration of Ciprofloxacin in the lung samples at 1 min post-administration[3].
Storage

4°C, protect from light

Shipping Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere
SMILES O=C(C1=CN(C2CC2)C3=C(C=C(F)C(N4CCNCC4)=C3)C1=O)O
References

[1]. Peltzer PM, et al. Ecotoxicity of veterinary enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin antibiotics on anuran amphibian larvae. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017 Feb 4. pii: S1382-6689(17)30029-7

[2]. Steenbergen J, et al. In Vitro and In Vivo Activity of Omadacycline Against Two Biothreat Pathogens: Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2017 Feb 21.

[3]. Hamblin KA, et al. Inhaled Liposomal Ciprofloxacin Protects against a Lethal Infection in a Murine Model of Pneumonic Plague. Front Microbiol. 2017 Feb 6;8:91.

Related Molecules Puromycin dihydrochloride | Geneticin | Tunicamycin | Hygromycin B | Salinomycin | Avibactam sodium | Neomycin sulfate | Vaborbactam | Methicillin SodiuM | Rifampicin | Metronidazole | Carbenicillin disodium | Ceftazidime | Eravacycline dihydrochloride | cefotaxime sodium
Related Doc

SDS |COA |LCMS

*The above documents are provided by Medchemexpress and are for scientific research only.

 Chemical & Physical Properties

Density 1.5±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 581.8±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Melting Point 255-257°C
Molecular Formula C17H18FN3O3
Molecular Weight 331.341
Flash Point 305.6±30.1 °C
Exact Mass 331.133209
PSA 74.57000
LogP 0.65
Vapour Pressure 0.0±1.7 mmHg at 25°C
Index of Refraction 1.655
Storage condition Store at 0-5°C

 Toxicological Information

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
VB1993800
CHEMICAL NAME :
3-Quinolinecarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-4-oxo-7-(1-piperaz inyl)-
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
85721-33-1
LAST UPDATED :
199709
DATA ITEMS CITED :
29
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C17-H18-F-N3-O3
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
331.38

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
21429 ug/kg/3D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - hallucinations, distorted perceptions Behavioral - toxic psychosis
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
21 mg/kg/3D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - urine volume decreased Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - proteinuria Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - hematuria
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
5714 ug/kg/2D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - coma Liver - jaundice, other or unclassified Liver - liver function tests impaired
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
129 mg/kg/6D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - rigidity (including catalepsy)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - woman
DOSE/DURATION :
135 mg/kg/3D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - woman
DOSE/DURATION :
40 mg/kg/2D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - headache Blood - eosinophilia Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - body temperature increase
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Multiple routes
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - woman
DOSE/DURATION :
40 mg/kg/6D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Skin and Appendages - dermatitis, allergic (after systemic exposure) Skin and Appendages - dermatitis, other (after systemic exposure)
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
>2 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
>1 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
207 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - altered sleep time (including change in righting reflex) Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity)
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
5 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
1165 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
>1 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
122 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - altered sleep time (including change in righting reflex) Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity)
TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis
TYPE OF TEST :
Sister chromatid exchange

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
DNA inhibition
TEST SYSTEM :
Mammal - domestic Cells - not otherwise specified
DOSE/DURATION :
27 mg/L
REFERENCE :
AMACCQ Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. (American Soc. for Microbiology, 1913 I St., NW, Washington, DC 20006) V.1- 1972- Volume(issue)/page/year: 34,1955,1990

 Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment Eyeshields;Gloves;type N95 (US);type P1 (EN143) respirator filter
Hazard Codes Xi: Irritant;
Risk Phrases R36/37/38
Safety Phrases 26-36
RIDADR NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 2
RTECS VB1993800
HS Code 3004909090

 Synthetic Route

 Customs

HS Code 3004909090

 Articles896

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