羟基乙酸

常用名 羟基乙酸 英文名 Glycolic acid
CAS号 79-14-1 分子量 76.051
密度 1.4±0.1 g/cm3 沸点 265.6±13.0 °C at 760 mmHg
分子式 C2H4O3 熔点 75-80 °C(lit.)
MSDS羟基乙酸的MSDS|SDS|pdf下载 中文版 美版 闪点 128.7±16.3 °C
符号 GHS05 GHS07
GHS05, GHS07
信号词 Danger

 羟基乙酸用途


1.有机合成的原料,可用于生产乙二醇。羟基乙酸主要用作清洗剂。2%的羟基乙酸和1%的甲酸混合配成的混合酸,是一种效率高成本低的洗涤剂,适合于清洗空调机;可制取纤维染色剂、清净剂、焊接剂的配料、清漆配料、铜蚀剂、粘合剂、石油破乳剂和金属螯合剂等;羟基乙酸的钠盐、钾盐用作电镀液添加剂。其他的用途还有电解研磨、金属酸洗、皮革染色和鞣革剂等。也可用作化学分析试剂。

2.用作清洗剂,能与设备中的锈垢、钙盐、镁盐等充分反应而达到除垢目的,很容易去除碳酸钙垢和铁垢,具有良好的处理效果。对材质的腐蚀性很低,且清洗时不会发生有机酸铁的沉淀。用羟基乙酸进行化学清洗危险性小,操作方便。

3.用于有机合成及印染业

4.用于肥皂的杀菌

5.羟基乙酸用于化学镀镍的络合剂,提高镀层质量,也可用作其他电镀或化学镀的添加剂。

更多

 羟基乙酸物理化学性质

[ 密度 ]: 1.4±0.1 g/cm3
[ 沸点 ]: 265.6±13.0 °C at 760 mmHg
[ 熔点 ]: 75-80 °C(lit.)
[ 分子式 ]: C2H4O3
[ 分子量 ]: 76.051
[ 闪点 ]: 128.7±16.3 °C
[ 精确质量 ]: 76.016045
[ PSA ]: 57.53000
[ LogP ]: -1.05
[ 外观性状 ]: 淡黄色至琥珀色液体
[ 蒸汽压 ]: 0.0±1.2 mmHg at 25°C
[ 折射率 ]: 1.450
[ 储存条件 ]:

1.本品应密封于阴凉避光处保存。

2.用玻璃瓶或有衬里的铁桶包装,量大时可用衬里的槽车运输,并应对槽车保温,并备有外加热管,用于冷天卸货。包装容器应有警告标记,标明不得与皮肤、眼睛和衣服接触。

[ 稳定性 ]:

1.无色结晶,易潮解。

2.纯品毒性较低。但因本品为强酸,有刺激性,与皮肤接触会发生严重肿痛。大鼠经口LD50为1950mg/kg,现场操作人员要穿戴好防护用具,生产设备要严格密闭,工作现场要有良好的通风设备。

3. 存在于烤烟烟叶、白肋烟烟叶、烟气中。
 

[ 水溶解性 ]: SOLUBLE
[ 分子结构 ]: 1、 摩尔折射率:14.41 2、 摩尔体积(cm 3/mol):53.6

3、 等张比容(90.2K):150.2

4、 表面张力(dyne/cm):61.3

5、 极化率(10-24cm3):5.71

[ 计算化学 ]:

1.疏水参数计算参考值(XlogP):无

2.氢键供体数量:2

3.氢键受体数量:3

4.可旋转化学键数量:1

5.互变异构体数量:无

6.拓扑分子极性表面积57.5

7.重原子数量:5

8.表面电荷:0

9.复杂度:40.2

10.同位素原子数量:0

11.确定原子立构中心数量:0

12.不确定原子立构中心数量:0

13.确定化学键立构中心数量:0

14.不确定化学键立构中心数量:0

15.共价键单元数量:1

[ 更多 ]:

1. 性状:纯品为无色易潮解晶体,可燃。

2. 密度(g/mL,25/4℃):1.416

3. 熔点(ºC):75~80

4. 沸点(ºC,常压):112

5. 闪点(ºC):300

6.溶解性:溶于水、甲醇、乙醇、丙酮、乙酸和醚。几乎不溶于碳氢化合物溶剂。

7.晶相相标准燃烧热(焓)(kJ·mol-1):-695.0

8.晶相标准声称热(焓)( kJ·mol-1):-663.6

 羟基乙酸MSDS

第一部分:化学品名称
化学品中文名称: 羟基乙酸;乙醇酸
化学品英文名称: Hydroxyacetic acid;Glycolic acid
中文俗名或商品名:
Synonyms:
CAS No.: 79-14-1
分子式: C2H4O3
分子量: 76.05
第二部分:成分/组成信息
纯化学品混合物
化学品名称:羟基乙酸;乙醇酸
有害物成分 含量 CAS No.
第三部分:危险性概述
危险性类别:
侵入途径: 吸入 食入
健康危害: 本品对眼睛、皮肤、粘膜和上呼吸道有刺激作用。
环境危害: 对环境有危害,对水体和大气可造成污染。
燃爆危险: 本品可燃,具强腐蚀性、刺激性,可致人体灼伤。
第四部分:急救措施
皮肤接触: 脱去污染的衣着,用流动清水冲洗。若有灼伤,按酸灼伤处理。
眼睛接触: 立即翻开上下眼睑,用流动清水冲洗15分钟。就医。
吸入: 脱离现场至空气新鲜处。呼吸困难时给输氧。呼吸停止时,立即进行人工呼吸。就医。
食入: 误服者给饮牛奶或蛋清。就医。
第五部分:消防措施
危险特性: 受高热分解,放出刺激性烟气。粉体与空气可形成爆炸性混合物,当达到—定的浓度时,遇火星会发生爆炸。
有害燃烧产物: 一氧化碳、二氧化碳。
灭火方法及灭火剂: 雾状水、泡沫、二氧化碳、干粉、砂土。
消防员的个体防护: 消防人员须戴好防毒面具,在安全距离以外,在上风向灭火。
禁止使用的灭火剂:
闪点(℃): 无资料
自燃温度(℃): 引燃温度(℃):无资料
爆炸下限[%(V/V)]: 无资料
爆炸上限[%(V/V)]: 无资料
最小点火能(mJ):
爆燃点:
爆速:
最大燃爆压力(MPa):
建规火险分级:
第六部分:泄漏应急处理
应急处理: 戴好防毒面具和手套。用大量水冲洗,经稀释的洗液放入废水系统。如大量泄漏,收集回收或无害处理后废弃。
第七部分:操作处置与储存
操作注意事项: 密闭操作,局部排风。操作人员必须经过专门培训,严格遵守操作规程。建议操作人员佩戴防尘面具(全面罩),穿连衣式胶布防毒衣,戴橡胶手套。远离火种、热源,工作场所严禁吸烟。使用防爆型的通风系统和设备。避免产生粉尘。避免与氧化剂、还原剂、碱类接触。搬运时要轻装轻卸,防止包装及容器损坏。配备相应品种和数量的消防器材及泄漏应急处理设备。倒空的容器可能残留有害物。
储存注意事项: 储存于阴凉、通风的库房。远离火种、热源。应与氧化剂、还原剂、碱类分开存放,切忌混储。配备相应品种和数量的消防器材。储区应备有合适的材料收容泄漏物。
第八部分:接触控制/个体防护
最高容许浓度: 中 国 MAC:未制订标准前苏联 MAC:未制订标准美国TLV—TWA:未制订标准
监测方法:
工程控制: 密闭操作,局部排风。
呼吸系统防护: 空气中浓度较高时,戴面具式呼吸器。
眼睛防护: 戴化学安全防护眼镜。
身体防护: 穿防酸碱工作服。
手防护: 戴防化学品手套。
其他防护: 工作后,淋浴更衣。定期体检。
第九部分:理化特性
外观与性状: 无色易潮解的晶体,70%的工业品是一种淡黄色液体。
pH:
熔点(℃): 78-79
沸点(℃): 100(分解)
相对密度(水=1): 1.49
相对蒸气密度(空气=1):
饱和蒸气压(kPa):
燃烧热(kJ/mol):
临界温度(℃):
临界压力(MPa):
辛醇/水分配系数的对数值:
闪点(℃): 无资料
引燃温度(℃): 引燃温度(℃):无资料
爆炸上限%(V/V): 无资料
爆炸下限%(V/V): 无资料
分子式: C2H4O3
分子量: 76.05
蒸发速率:
粘性:
溶解性: 溶于水,溶于甲醇、乙醇、乙酸乙酯,微溶于乙醚,不溶于烃类。
主要用途: 用于羊毛和耐纶的助染剂,也用于电镀、粘合剂和金属洗涤等。
第十部分:稳定性和反应活性
稳定性: 在常温常压下 稳定
禁配物: 碱、氧化剂;还原剂。
避免接触的条件:
聚合危害: 不能出现
分解产物: 一氧化碳、二氧化碳。
第十一部分:毒理学资料
急性毒性: 属低毒类,对皮肤和眼睛有极剧烈的灼伤作用。 LD50:1950mg/kg(大鼠经口);1920mg/kg(豚鼠经口) LC50:大鼠吸入饱和蒸气6小时无作用。
急性中毒:
慢性中毒:
亚急性和慢性毒性:
刺激性:
致敏性:
致突变性:
致畸性:
致癌性:
第十二部分:生态学资料
生态毒理毒性:
生物降解性:
非生物降解性:
生物富集或生物积累性:
第十三部分:废弃处置
废弃物性质:
废弃处置方法: 处置前应参阅国家和地方有关法规。建议用焚烧法处置。
废弃注意事项:
第十四部分:运输信息
危险货物编号:
UN编号:
包装标志:
包装类别:
包装方法:
运输注意事项: 储存于阴凉、通风仓间内。远离火种、热源。包装要求密封,不可与空气接触。应与氧化剂、酸类、碱类分开存放。搬运时要轻装轻卸,防止包装及容器损坏。起运时包装要完整,装载应稳妥。运输过程中要确保容器不泄漏、不倒塌、不坠落、不损坏。严禁与氧化剂、还原剂、碱类、食用化学品等混装混运。运输途中应防曝晒、雨淋,防高温。运输车船必须彻底清洗、消毒,否则不得装运其它物品。
RETCS号:
IMDG规则页码:
第十五部分:法规信息
国内化学品安全管理法规: 化学危险物品安全管理条例 (1987年2月17日国务院发布),化学危险物品安全管理条例实施细则 (化劳发[1992] 677号),工作场所安全使用化学品规定 ([1996]劳部发423号)等法规,针对化学危险品的安全使用、生产、储存、运输、装卸等方面均作了相应规定。
国际化学品安全管理法规:
第十六部分:其他信息
参考文献: 1.周国泰,化学危险品安全技术全书,化学工业出版社,1997 2.国家环保局有毒化学品管理办公室、北京化工研究院合编,化学品毒性法规环境数据手册,中国环境科学出版社.1992 3.Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety,CHEMINFO Database.1998 4.Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, RTECS Database, 1989
填表时间: 年月日
填表部门:
数据审核单位:
修改说明:
其他信息: 4
MSDS修改日期: 年月日

 羟基乙酸毒性和生态

羟基乙酸毒理学数据:

1、急性毒性:大鼠口径LD50:1950mg/kg;猫静脉LD50:1mg/kg;

猪口径LD50:1920mg/kg;

2、神经毒性:兔子眼睛试验:2 mgREACTION SEVERITY

3、其他多剂量毒性数据:大鼠口径TCLO:2480mg/kg/35W-C;大鼠吸入LDLO: 2 gm/m3

4、口服有毒。具有腐蚀性,能引起烧伤。对皮肤和黏膜略有刺激性。

羟基乙酸生态学数据:

本品对眼睛、皮肤、黏膜和上呼吸道有刺激作用。对皮肤和眼睛有极剧烈的灼伤作用。纯羟基乙酸内服有轻微毒性,因其就有较强酸性,最好不要与皮肤接触,操作时应穿戴防酸服并戴防护镜。

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
MC5250000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Glycolic acid
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
79-14-1
BEILSTEIN REFERENCE NO. :
1209322
LAST UPDATED :
199801
DATA ITEMS CITED :
13
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C2-H4-O3
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
76.06
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
QV1Q

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
REFERENCE :
AJOPAA American Journal of Ophthalmology. (Ophthalmic Pub. Co., 435 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 1415, Chicago, IL 60611) Series 3: V.1- 1918- Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1363,1946 ** ACUTE TOXICITY DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1950 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Gastrointestinal - other changes Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes
REFERENCE :
JIHTAB Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (Cambridge, MA) V.18-31, 1936-49. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 23,259,1941
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - cat
DOSE/DURATION :
1 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
85JCAE "Prehled Prumyslove Toxikologie; Organicke Latky," Marhold, J., Prague, Czechoslovakia, Avicenum, 1986 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,656,1986
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
1920 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Gastrointestinal - other changes Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes
REFERENCE :
JIHTAB Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (Cambridge, MA) V.18-31, 1936-49. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 23,259,1941 ** OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE TOXICITY DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2480 gm/kg/35W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain Related to Chronic Data - death
REFERENCE :
ABBIA4 Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.31- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 84,183,1959
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/m3/6H/2W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise specified Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
REFERENCE :
NTIS** National Technical Information Service. (Springfield, VA 22161) Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information. Volume(issue)/page/year: OTS0546415 ** REPRODUCTIVE DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
9 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7-12 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus) Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
REFERENCE :
TJADAB Teratology, The International Journal of Abnormal Development. (Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003) V.1- 1968- Volume(issue)/page/year: 53,117,1996 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,7740,1989 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 35260 No. of Facilities: 2991 (estimated) No. of Industries: 27 No. of Occupations: 29 No. of Employees: 29291 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 35260 No. of Facilities: 5782 (estimated) No. of Industries: 64 No. of Occupations: 63 No. of Employees: 191563 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 98538 (estimated)

 羟基乙酸安全信息

[ 符号 ]: GHS05 GHS07
GHS05, GHS07
[ 信号词 ]: Danger
[ 危害声明 ]: H314-H332
[ 警示性声明 ]: P261-P280-P303 + P361 + P353-P304 + P340 + P310-P305 + P351 + P338
[ 个人防护装备 ]: Eyeshields;Faceshields;full-face particle respirator type N100 (US);Gloves;respirator cartridge type N100 (US);type P1 (EN143) respirator filter;type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges
[ 危害码 (欧洲) ]: C:Corrosive
[ 风险声明 (欧洲) ]: R22;R34
[ 安全声明 (欧洲) ]: S26-S36/37/39-S45-S23
[ 危险品运输编码 ]: UN 3265 8/PG 3
[ WGK德国 ]: 1
[ RTECS号 ]: MC5250000
[ 包装等级 ]: II
[ 危险类别 ]: 8
[ 海关编码 ]: 2918199090

 羟基乙酸合成线路

~97%

文献:EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY; Barnicki, Scott Donald; Hembre, Robert Thomas; Falling, Stephen Neal Patent: US2013/261329 A1, 2013 ; Location in patent: Paragraph 0113; 0114; 0116 ;

~87%

文献:EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY; Barnicki, Scott Donald; Hembre, Robert Thomas; Falling, Stephen Neal Patent: US2013/261329 A1, 2013 ; Location in patent: Paragraph 0143; 0144 ;

~99%

文献:Hayashi, Toshio; Baba, Hideyuki Patent: US2004/138409 A1, 2004 ; Location in patent: Page 23 ;

~%

文献:Applied Catalysis A: General, , vol. 450, p. 189 - 203

~13%

详细
文献:Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, , vol. 380, p. 49 - 56

~53%

文献:WO2010/7139 A1, ; Page/Page column 8 ;

~%

文献:Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie, , vol. 80, p. 41 Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie, , vol. 68, p. 55

~9%

文献:Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, , vol. 380, p. 49 - 56

~%

文献:Catalysis Letters, , vol. 142, # 1 p. 81 - 86

~15%

详细
文献:Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, , vol. 380, p. 49 - 56

~89%

文献:Monsanto Company Patent: US4187099 A1, 1980 ;

~23%

详细
文献:WO2010/7139 A1, ; Page/Page column 8 ;

~%

文献:Tetrahedron Letters, , vol. 52, # 21 p. 2633 - 2637

~%

文献:US2013/261337 A1, ; Paragraph 0131; 0132; 0133; 0134; 0135; 0140 ;

~18%

详细
文献:WO2010/7139 A1, ; Page/Page column 8 ;

~%

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