Glycolic acid

Glycolic acid Structure
Glycolic acid
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Common Name Glycolic acid
CAS Number 79-14-1 Molecular Weight 76.051
Density 1.4±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point 265.6±13.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Formula C2H4O3 Melting Point 75-80 °C(lit.)
MSDSGlycolic acid MSDS|SDS|pdf download Chinese USA Flash Point 128.7±16.3 °C
Symbol GHS05 GHS07
GHS05, GHS07
Signal Word Danger

 Names

[ Name ]: glycolic acid
[ Synonym ]: More Synonyms

 Chemical & Physical Properties

[ Density ]: 1.4±0.1 g/cm3
[ Boiling Point ]: 265.6±13.0 °C at 760 mmHg
[ Melting Point ]: 75-80 °C(lit.)
[ Molecular Formula ]: C2H4O3
[ Molecular Weight ]: 76.051
[ Flash Point ]: 128.7±16.3 °C
[ Exact Mass ]: 76.016045
[ PSA ]: 57.53000
[ LogP ]: -1.05
[ Vapour Pressure ]: 0.0±1.2 mmHg at 25°C
[ Index of Refraction ]: 1.450
[ Water Solubility ]: SOLUBLE

 Toxicological Information

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
MC5250000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Glycolic acid
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
79-14-1
BEILSTEIN REFERENCE NO. :
1209322
LAST UPDATED :
199801
DATA ITEMS CITED :
13
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C2-H4-O3
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
76.06
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
QV1Q

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
REFERENCE :
AJOPAA American Journal of Ophthalmology. (Ophthalmic Pub. Co., 435 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 1415, Chicago, IL 60611) Series 3: V.1- 1918- Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1363,1946 ** ACUTE TOXICITY DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1950 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Gastrointestinal - other changes Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes
REFERENCE :
JIHTAB Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (Cambridge, MA) V.18-31, 1936-49. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 23,259,1941
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - cat
DOSE/DURATION :
1 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
85JCAE "Prehled Prumyslove Toxikologie; Organicke Latky," Marhold, J., Prague, Czechoslovakia, Avicenum, 1986 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,656,1986
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
1920 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Gastrointestinal - other changes Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes
REFERENCE :
JIHTAB Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (Cambridge, MA) V.18-31, 1936-49. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 23,259,1941 ** OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE TOXICITY DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2480 gm/kg/35W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain Related to Chronic Data - death
REFERENCE :
ABBIA4 Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.31- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 84,183,1959
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/m3/6H/2W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise specified Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
REFERENCE :
NTIS** National Technical Information Service. (Springfield, VA 22161) Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information. Volume(issue)/page/year: OTS0546415 ** REPRODUCTIVE DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
9 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7-12 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus) Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
REFERENCE :
TJADAB Teratology, The International Journal of Abnormal Development. (Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003) V.1- 1968- Volume(issue)/page/year: 53,117,1996 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,7740,1989 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 35260 No. of Facilities: 2991 (estimated) No. of Industries: 27 No. of Occupations: 29 No. of Employees: 29291 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 35260 No. of Facilities: 5782 (estimated) No. of Industries: 64 No. of Occupations: 63 No. of Employees: 191563 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 98538 (estimated)

 Safety Information

[ Symbol ]: GHS05 GHS07
GHS05, GHS07
[ Signal Word ]: Danger
[ Hazard Statements ]: H314-H332
[ Precautionary Statements ]: P261-P280-P303 + P361 + P353-P304 + P340 + P310-P305 + P351 + P338
[ Personal Protective Equipment ]: Eyeshields;Faceshields;full-face particle respirator type N100 (US);Gloves;respirator cartridge type N100 (US);type P1 (EN143) respirator filter;type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges
[ Hazard Codes ]: C:Corrosive
[ Risk Phrases ]: R22;R34
[ Safety Phrases ]: S26-S36/37/39-S45-S23
[ RIDADR ]: UN 3265 8/PG 3
[ WGK Germany ]: 1
[ RTECS ]: MC5250000
[ Packaging Group ]: II
[ Hazard Class ]: 8
[ HS Code ]: 2918199090

 Synthetic Route

 Customs

[ HS Code ]: 2918199090
[ Summary ]: 2918199090 other carboxylic acids with alcohol function but without other oxygen function, their anhydrides, halides, peroxides, peroxyacids and their derivatives。Supervision conditions:None。VAT:17.0%。Tax rebate rate:9.0%。MFN tariff:6.5%。General tariff:30.0%

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