Formic Acid

Modify Date: 2019-06-10 16:30:55

Formic Acid Structure
Formic Acid structure
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Common Name Formic Acid
CAS Number 64-18-6 Molecular Weight 46.025
Density 1.2±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point 100.6±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Formula CH2O2 Melting Point 8.2-8.4 °C(lit.)
MSDS Chinese USA Flash Point 29.9±13.4 °C
Symbol GHS02 GHS05 GHS06
GHS02, GHS05, GHS06
Signal Word Danger

 Names

Name formic acid
Synonym More Synonyms

 Chemical & Physical Properties

Density 1.2±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 100.6±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Melting Point 8.2-8.4 °C(lit.)
Molecular Formula CH2O2
Molecular Weight 46.025
Flash Point 29.9±13.4 °C
Exact Mass 46.005478
PSA 37.30000
LogP -0.54
Vapour density 1.03 (vs air)
Vapour Pressure 36.5±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Index of Refraction 1.342
Water Solubility MISCIBLE

 Toxicological Information

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
LQ4900000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Formic acid
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
64-18-6
LAST UPDATED :
199712
DATA ITEMS CITED :
64
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C-H2-O2
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
46.03
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
VHQ

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Open irritation test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - woman
DOSE/DURATION :
2200 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - sputum Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - hematuria Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - metabolic acidosis
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
7300 ug/m3/8H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes in urine composition
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - woman
DOSE/DURATION :
2440 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Vascular - shock Blood - other hemolysis with or without anemia Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - metabolic acidosis
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1100 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea
TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
15 gm/m3/15M
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
700 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea
TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
6200 mg/m3/15M
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
940 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
145 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
4 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
3 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
239 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
22680 mg/kg/9W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - food intake (animal) Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
500 ppm/6H/12D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise specified Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
64 ppm/6H/13W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - changes in lung weight Liver - changes in liver weight Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - phosphatases
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
50 mg/m3/16W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Brain and Coverings - recordings from specific areas of CNS Liver - liver function tests impaired Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - proteinuria
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
500 ppm/6H/12D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise specified Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
64 ppm/6H/13W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - changes in liver weight Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in bladder weight Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
TYPE OF TEST :
Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction
TYPE OF TEST :
Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis
TEST SYSTEM :
Rodent - hamster Ovary
REFERENCE :
MUREAV Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 1964- Volume(issue)/page/year: 240,195,1990 *** REVIEWS *** ACGIH TLV-STEL 19 mg/m3 (10 ppm) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 ACGIH TLV-TWA 9.4 mg/m3 (5 ppm) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW AMIHAB AMA Archives of Industrial Health. (Chicago, IL) V.11-21, 1955-60. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 20,517,1959 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW ARTODN Archives of Toxicology. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberger Pl. 3, D-1000 Berlin 33, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.32- 1974- Volume(issue)/page/year: 39,299,1978 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** MSHA STANDARD-air:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,119,1971 OSHA PEL (Gen Indu):8H TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1910.1000,1994 OSHA PEL (Construc):8H TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1926.55,1994 OSHA PEL (Shipyard):8H TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1915.1000,1993 OSHA PEL (Fed Cont):8H TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 41,50-204.50,1994 *** OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS *** OEL-ARAB Republic of Egypt:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-AUSTRIA:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 5 ppm (9.4 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-FINLAND:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3);STEL 10 ppm (18 mg/m3);Skin JAN 1993 OEL-FRANCE:STEL 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-GERMANY:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 5 mg/m3;STEL 8 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-JAPAN:TWA 5 ppm (9.4 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 5 ppm;STEL 1 mg/m3;Skin JAN 1993 OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3);STEL 10 ppm (18 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 5 ppm (9 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGIH TLV *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LEVEL (REL) : NIOSH REL TO FORMIC ACID-air:10H TWA 5 ppm REFERENCE : NIOSH* National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda. Volume(issue)/page/year: DHHS #92-100,1992 NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 33720 No. of Facilities: 3537 (estimated) No. of Industries: 59 No. of Occupations: 48 No. of Employees: 34087 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 33720 No. of Facilities: 6368 (estimated) No. of Industries: 95 No. of Occupations: 77 No. of Employees: 158933 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 37338 (estimated)

 Safety Information

Symbol GHS02 GHS05 GHS06
GHS02, GHS05, GHS06
Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H226-H302-H314-H331
Supplemental HS Corrosive to the respiratory tract.
Precautionary Statements P210-P260-P280-P304 + P340 + P310-P305 + P351 + P338-P370 + P378
Personal Protective Equipment Faceshields;full-face respirator (US);Gloves;Goggles;multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US);type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter
Hazard Codes C:Corrosive
Risk Phrases R35
Safety Phrases S36/37-S45-S26-S23-S36/37/39
RIDADR UN 1198 3/PG 3
WGK Germany 2
RTECS LP8925000
Packaging Group II
Hazard Class 8
HS Code 2915110000

 Synthetic Route

 Customs

HS Code 2915110000

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 Synonyms

MFCD00003274
formic
Myrmicyl
EINECS 200-001-8
Formira
FORMOL
Bilorin
Formic acid
Add-F
Amasil
HCOOH
MORBICID
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