Levofloxacin

Levofloxacin Structure
Levofloxacin
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Common Name Levofloxacin
CAS Number 100986-85-4 Molecular Weight 361.367
Density 1.5±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point 571.5±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Formula C18H20FN3O4 Melting Point 218ºC
MSDS Chinese USA Flash Point 299.4±30.1 °C
Symbol GHS07 GHS08
GHS07, GHS08
Signal Word Danger

 Use of Levofloxacin


Levofloxacin, a synthetic fluoroquinolone, is an antibacterial agent that inhibits the supercoiling activity of bacterial DNA gyrase, halting DNA replication.Target: AntibacterialLevofloxacin reduced bacterial load compared with placebo by 4.9-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.4-25.7; P=0.02) at day 7 but had no effect at any point on any marker of neutrophilic airway inflammation. In patients with a baseline bacterial load of more than 10(6) cfu/mL, levofloxacin treatment was associated with a 26.5% (95% confidence interval, 1.8%-51.3%; P=0.04) greater reduction in the percentage neutrophil count compared with placebo at day 7 [1]. Levofloxacin was found to significantly improve the clinical and microbiological parameters in CP individuals [2]. A 30-day course of levofloxacin does not significantly improve BK viral load reduction or allograft function when used in addition to overall reduction of immunosuppression [3].

 Names

Name levofloxacin
Synonym More Synonyms

 Levofloxacin Biological Activity

Description Levofloxacin, a synthetic fluoroquinolone, is an antibacterial agent that inhibits the supercoiling activity of bacterial DNA gyrase, halting DNA replication.Target: AntibacterialLevofloxacin reduced bacterial load compared with placebo by 4.9-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.4-25.7; P=0.02) at day 7 but had no effect at any point on any marker of neutrophilic airway inflammation. In patients with a baseline bacterial load of more than 10(6) cfu/mL, levofloxacin treatment was associated with a 26.5% (95% confidence interval, 1.8%-51.3%; P=0.04) greater reduction in the percentage neutrophil count compared with placebo at day 7 [1]. Levofloxacin was found to significantly improve the clinical and microbiological parameters in CP individuals [2]. A 30-day course of levofloxacin does not significantly improve BK viral load reduction or allograft function when used in addition to overall reduction of immunosuppression [3].
Related Catalog
Solvent
In Vitro:

10 mM in DMSO

Solubility
1 mM 2.7672 mL 13.8362 mL 27.6725 mL
5 mM 0.5534 mL 2.7672 mL 5.5345 mL
10 mM 0.2767 mL 1.3836 mL 2.7672 mL
Storage

4°C, protect from light

Shipping Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere
SMILES O=C(C(C1=O)=CN2[C@@H](C)COC3=C(N4CCN(C)CC4)C(F)=CC1=C23)O
References

[1]. Siva, R., et al., Effect of levofloxacin on neutrophilic airway inflammation in stable COPD: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis, 2014. 9: p. 179-86.

[2]. Pradeep, A.R., et al., Clinical and microbiological effects of levofloxacin in the treatment of chronic periodontitis: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Investig Clin Dent, 2014.

[3]. Lee, B.T., et al., Efficacy of Levofloxacin in the Treatment of BK Viremia: A Multicenter, Double-Blinded, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol, 2014.

Related Molecules Puromycin dihydrochloride | Geneticin | Tunicamycin | Hygromycin B | Salinomycin | Avibactam sodium | Neomycin sulfate | Vaborbactam | Methicillin SodiuM | Rifampicin | Metronidazole | Carbenicillin disodium | Ceftazidime | Eravacycline dihydrochloride | cefotaxime sodium
Related Doc

SDS |COA |HNMR |LCMS

*The above documents are provided by Medchemexpress and are for scientific research only.

 Chemical & Physical Properties

Density 1.5±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 571.5±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Melting Point 218ºC
Molecular Formula C18H20FN3O4
Molecular Weight 361.367
Flash Point 299.4±30.1 °C
Exact Mass 361.143799
PSA 75.01000
LogP 0.84
Vapour Pressure 0.0±1.7 mmHg at 25°C
Index of Refraction 1.670
Storage condition Store at 0-5°C

 Toxicological Information

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
UU8815550
CHEMICAL NAME :
7H-Pyrido(1,2,3-de)-1,4-benzoxazine-6-carboxylic acid, 2,3-dihydro-9-fluoro-3-methyl- 10-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-7-oxo-, hemihydrate, (S)-
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
100986-85-4
LAST UPDATED :
199403
DATA ITEMS CITED :
8
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C18-H20-F-N3-O4.1/2H2-O
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
342.41

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1478 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - ptosis Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory depression
REFERENCE :
ARZNAD Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. (Editio Cantor Verlag, Postfach 1255, W-7960 Aulendorf, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 42,365,1992
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
1803 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - ptosis Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory depression
REFERENCE :
ARZNAD Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. (Editio Cantor Verlag, Postfach 1255, W-7960 Aulendorf, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 42,365,1992
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Primate - monkey
DOSE/DURATION :
>250 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - ptosis Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory depression
REFERENCE :
ARZNAD Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. (Editio Cantor Verlag, Postfach 1255, W-7960 Aulendorf, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 42,365,1992 ** OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE TOXICITY DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
14560 mg/kg/26W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - other changes Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes in urine composition Blood - changes in leukocyte (WBC) count
REFERENCE :
ARZNAD Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. (Editio Cantor Verlag, Postfach 1255, W-7960 Aulendorf, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 42,367,1992
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
22400 mg/kg/28D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - other changes Blood - changes in leukocyte (WBC) count Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - changes in phosphorus
REFERENCE :
JTSCDR Journal of Toxicological Sciences. (Japanese Soc. of Toxicological Sciences, 4th Floor, Gakkai Center Bldg., 4-16, Yayoi 2-chome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan) V.1- 1976- Volume(issue)/page/year: 16,29,1991
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Primate - monkey
DOSE/DURATION :
2800 mg/kg/28D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - urine volume decreased Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
REFERENCE :
JTSCDR Journal of Toxicological Sciences. (Japanese Soc. of Toxicological Sciences, 4th Floor, Gakkai Center Bldg., 4-16, Yayoi 2-chome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan) V.1- 1976- Volume(issue)/page/year: 16,29,1991 ** REPRODUCTIVE DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
8910 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7-17 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus) Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetal death Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
REFERENCE :
ARZNAD Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. (Editio Cantor Verlag, Postfach 1255, W-7960 Aulendorf, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 42,374,1992
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
8910 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7-17 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - growth statistics (e.g.%, reduced weight gain)
REFERENCE :
ARZNAD Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. (Editio Cantor Verlag, Postfach 1255, W-7960 Aulendorf, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 42,374,1992

 Safety Information

Symbol GHS07 GHS08
GHS07, GHS08
Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H302-H317-H334-H361d-H362
Precautionary Statements P261-P263-P280-P342 + P311
Personal Protective Equipment dust mask type N95 (US);Eyeshields;Faceshields;Gloves
Hazard Codes Xn: Harmful;
Risk Phrases R22
Safety Phrases 26-36/37/39-36
RIDADR NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 3
RTECS UU8815550
HS Code 2934999090

 Synthetic Route

 Customs

HS Code 2934999090
Summary 2934999090. other heterocyclic compounds. VAT:17.0%. Tax rebate rate:13.0%. . MFN tariff:6.5%. General tariff:20.0%

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 Synonyms

(3S)-9-Fluoro-3-methyl-10-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-7-oxo-2,3-dihydro-7H-[1,4]oxazino[2,3,4-ij]quinoline-6-carboxylic acid
Levofloxacin
L-Ofloxacin
S-(-)-Ofloxacin
MFCD03265511
Levaquin
levoflaxacin
(3S)-9-Fluoro-3-methyl-10-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-7-oxo-2,3-dihydro-7H-[1,4]oxazino[2,3,4-ij]quinoline-6-carboxylic acid
7H-1,4-Oxazino[2,3,4-ij]quinoline-6-carboxylic acid, 9-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-3-methyl-10-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-7-oxo-, (3S)-
Ofloxacin, S-(-)-
Tavanic
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