四环素

常用名 四环素 英文名 Tetracycline
CAS号 60-54-8 分子量 444.435
密度 1.6±0.1 g/cm3 沸点 790.6±60.0 °C at 760 mmHg
分子式 C22H24N2O8 熔点 175-177 °C(lit.)
MSDS四环素的MSDS|SDS|pdf下载 中文版 美版 闪点 432.0±32.9 °C
符号 GHS07
GHS07
信号词 Warning

 四环素用途


对革兰氏阳性菌及阴性菌、原虫、支原体、螺旋体均有抗菌作用。口服吸收不完全,2~4h血药浓度达峰值,分布广。主要由尿及粪便排泄。目前临床已少用。


 四环素名称

[ 中文名 ]: 四环素水合物
[ 英文名 ]: tetracycline
[中文别名 ]: 四环素
[英文别名 ]: tetra-co
Abricycline
Criseociclina
Agromicina
veracin
cytome
polyotic
2-naphthacenecarboximidic acid, 4-(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-, (4S,4aS,5aS,6S,12aS)-
[4S-(4a,4aa,5aa,6b,12aa)]-4-(Dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6-11,12a-octahydro-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-2-naphthacenecarboxamide
Tetrabon
(4S,4aS,5aS,6S,12aS)-4-(Dimethylamino)-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydrotetracen-2-carboxamid
(4S,4aS,5aS,6S,12aS)-4-(Dimethylamino)-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydrotetracene-2-carboxamide
(4S,4aS,5aS,6S,12aS)-4-(Dimethylamino)-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-2-tetracenecarboxamide
Bio-tetra
(4S,4aS,5aS,6S,12aS)-4-(diméthylamino)-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-méthyl-1,11-dioxo-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydrotétracène-2-carboxamide
Sanclomycine
Democracin
Cyclomycin
amycin
Achromycin
solvocin
TETREX
Polycycline (VAN)
Tetradecin
t-125
steclin
Tetracycline
tetracyclin
panmycin
Polycycline
EINECS 200-481-9
Ambramycin
Purocyclina
2-Naphthacenecarboxamide, 4-(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-, (4S,4aS,5aS,6S,12aS)-
Omegamycin
MFCD00150881

 四环素物理化学性质

[ 密度 ]: 1.6±0.1 g/cm3
[ 沸点 ]: 790.6±60.0 °C at 760 mmHg
[ 熔点 ]: 175-177 °C(lit.)
[ 分子式 ]: C22H24N2O8
[ 分子量 ]: 444.435
[ 闪点 ]: 432.0±32.9 °C
[ 精确质量 ]: 444.153259
[ PSA ]: 181.62000
[ LogP ]: -1.47
[ 外观性状 ]: 淡黄色晶体
[ 蒸汽压 ]: 0.0±2.9 mmHg at 25°C
[ 折射率 ]: 1.741
[ 储存条件 ]:

本品应密封于0℃以下干燥避光保存。

[ 稳定性 ]:

由金色链霉菌Strepto-myces aureofaciens提取的广谱抗生素。熔点170~175℃。旋光度-239(甲醇)。微溶于 水,略溶于乙醇,不溶于氯仿和乙 醚。在空气中稳定,强光下色变 深,在碱性溶液中迅速失效。

[ 分子结构 ]:

五、分子性质数据:

1、 摩尔折射率:109.08

2、 摩尔体积(m3/mol):270.3

3、 等张比容(90.2K):856.0

4、 表面张力(dyne/cm):100.5

5、 极化率(10 -24cm 3):43.24

[ 计算化学 ]:

1、 计疏水参数计算参考值(XlogP):-1.3

2、 氢键供体数量:6

3、 氢键受体数量:10

4、 可旋转化学键数量:1

5、 互变异构体数量:168

6、 拓扑分子极性表面积(TPSA):182

7、 重原子数量:32

8、 表面电荷:0

9、 复杂度:971

10、同位素原子数量:0

11、确定原子立构中心数量:5

12、不确定原子立构中心数量:0

13、确定化学键立构中心数量:1

14、不确定化学键立构中心数量:0

15、共价键单元数量:1

[ 更多 ]:

1. 性状:浅黄色结晶。无气味。遇光色渐变深。真空下,60℃干燥8小时成为无水物。

2. 密度(g/mL,25/4℃):未确定

3. 相对蒸汽密度(g/mL,空气=1):未确定

4. 熔点(ºC):170~175分解

5. 沸点(ºC,常压):未确定

6. 沸点(ºC,5.2kPa):未确定

7. 折射率:未确定

8. 闪点(ºC):未确定

9. 比旋光度(º):[α]D25 -257.9°(0.1mol/L盐酸中)

10. 自燃点或引燃温度(ºC):未确定

11. 蒸气压(kPa,25ºC):未确定

12. 饱和蒸气压(kPa,60ºC):未确定

13. 燃烧热(KJ/mol):未确定

14. 临界温度(ºC):未确定

15. 临界压力(KPa):未确定

16. 油水(辛醇/水)分配系数的对数值:未确定

17. 爆炸上限(%,V/V):未确定

18. 爆炸下限(%,V/V):未确定

19. 溶解性:约28℃溶解度:水中1.7mg/ml,甲醇中>20mg/ml。在中性和碱性溶液中稳定。165℃时熔胀

 四环素MSDS


Section 1. Chemical Product and Company Identification
TetracyclineCatalog
T1465, TE132
Common Name/
Number(s).
Trade Name
CAS#60-54-8
Manufacturer
RTECSQI8750000
SPECTRUM CHEMICAL MFG. CORP.
TSCATSCA 8(b) inventory: No
products were found.
Commercial Name(s)Not available.
CI# Not available.
Synonym4-(Dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-2-naphthacenecarboxamide
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY
Not available.
Chemical Name
Chemical FamilyNot available.CALL (310) 516-8000
C22H24N2O8.xH2O
Chemical Formula
SPECTRUM CHEMICAL MFG. CORP.

Section 2.Composition and Information on Ingredients
Exposure Limits
TWA (mg/m3)STEL (mg/m3) CEIL (mg/m3)
NameCAS #% by Weight
1) Tetracycline60-54-8100
Toxicological DataTetracycline:
on IngredientsORAL (LD50):Acute: 807 mg/kg [Rat].

Section 3. Hazards Identification
Potential Acute Health Effects Hazardous in case of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of
eye contact (irritant).
Potential Chronic HealthCARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
Effects
TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: PROVEN
The substance is toxic to the reproductive system, liver.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
Tetracycline

Section 4. First Aid Measures
Eye ContactNo known effect on eye contact, rinse with water for a few minutes.
Skin ContactAfter contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water. Gently and thoroughly wash the contaminated skin
with running water and non-abrasive soap. Be particularly careful to clean folds, crevices, creases and groin.
Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. If irritation persists, seek medical attention. Wash contaminated
clothing before reusing.
Serious Skin ContactNot available.
InhalationAllow the victim to rest in a well ventilated area. Seek immediate medical attention.
Serious InhalationNot available.
IngestionDo not induce vomiting. Examine the lips and mouth to ascertain whether the tissues are damaged, a possible
indication that the toxic material was ingested; the absence of such signs, however, is not conclusive. Loosen
tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation. Seek immediate medical attention.
Serious IngestionNot available.

Section 5. Fire and Explosion Data
Flammability of the Product May be combustible at high temperature.
Auto-Ignition Temperature Not available.
Flash PointsNot available.
Flammable LimitsNot available.
Products of CombustionThese products are carbon oxides (CO, CO2), nitrogen oxides (NO, NO2...).
Fire Hazards in Presence of Not available.
Various Substances
Explosion Hazards in Presence Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.
of Various SubstancesRisks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.
Fire Fighting MediaSMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder.
and InstructionsLARGE FIRE: Use water spray, fog or foam. Do not use water jet.
Special Remarks onNot available.
Fire Hazards
Special Remarks on Explosion Not available.
Hazards

Section 6. Accidental Release Measures
Small SpillUse appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by
spreading water on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and regional authority
requirements.
Large SpillUse a shovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by spreading water
on the contaminated surface and allow to evacuate through the sanitary system.
Tetracycline

Section 7. Handling and Storage
PrecautionsKeep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Empty containers pose a fire risk, evaporate the
residue under a fume hood. Ground all equipment containing material. Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust.
Wear suitable protective clothing In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment If
ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label.
StorageKeep container dry. Keep in a cool place. Ground all equipment containing material. Keep container tightly
closed. Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place. Combustible materials should be stored away from extreme heat
and away from strong oxidizing agents.

Section 8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Engineering ControlsUse process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below
recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to
airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.
Personal ProtectionSafety glasses. Lab coat. Dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Gloves.
Personal Protection in Case of Splash goggles. Full suit. Dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used
a Large Spillto avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist
BEFORE handling this product.
Exposure LimitsNot available.

Section 9. Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance Solid. (Powdered solid.)OdorOdorless.
TasteNot available.
Not available.
Molecular Weight
ColorYellow.
pH (1% soln/water)Not available.
Boiling PointNot available.
Melting PointDecomposes. (172°C or 341.6°F)
Critical TemperatureNot available.
Specific GravityNot available.
Not applicable.
Vapor Pressure
Vapor DensityNot available.
VolatilityNot available.
Odor ThresholdNot available.
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.Not available.
Not available.
Ionicity (in Water)
Dispersion PropertiesNot available.
Not available.
Solubility

Section 10. Stability and Reactivity Data
The product is stable.
Stability
Instability TemperatureNot available.
Not available.
Conditions of Instability
Incompatibility with various Not available.
substances
Tetracycline
CorrosivityNon-corrosive in presence of glass.
Special Remarks onNot available.
Reactivity
Special Remarks onNot available.
Corrosivity
PolymerizationNo.

Section 11. Toxicological Information
Routes of EntryInhalation. Ingestion.
Toxicity to AnimalsAcute oral toxicity (LD50): 807 mg/kg [Rat].
Chronic Effects on HumansDEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: PROVEN
The substance is toxic to the reproductive system, liver.
Other Toxic Effects onHazardous in case of ingestion, of inhalation.
HumansSlightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator).
Special Remarks onNot available.
Toxicity to Animals
Special Remarks onMay affect teeth and bones.
Chronic Effects on Humans
Special Remarks on otherNot available.
Toxic Effects on Humans

Section 12. Ecological Information
EcotoxicityNot available.
BOD5 and CODNot available.
Products of BiodegradationPossibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may
arise.
Toxicity of the ProductsThe products of degradation are more toxic.
of Biodegradation
Special Remarks on theMay decompose in the presence of light.
Products of Biodegradation

Section 13. Disposal Considerations
Waste Disposal

Section 14. Transport Information
DOT ClassificationNot a DOT controlled material (United States).
IdentificationNot applicable.
Special Provisions forNot applicable.
Transport
Tetracycline
DOT (Pictograms)

Section 15. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has found to
Federal and State
cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm, which would require a warning under the statute:
Regulations
Tetracycline
California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has found to
cause birth defects which would require a warning under the statute: Tetracycline
Massachusetts RTK: Tetracycline
TSCA 8(b) inventory: No products were found.
California
California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has found
Proposition 65
to cause birth defects which would require a warning under the statute: Tetracycline
Warnings
Other RegulationsOSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).
WHMIS (Canada) CLASS D-2A: Material causing other toxic effects (VERY TOXIC).
Other Classifications
DSCL (EEC)R22- Harmful if swallowed.
Health Hazard
HMIS (U.S.A.)2 National Fire Protection
1 Flammability
1 Association (U.S.A.)
Fire Hazard
2 0 Reactivity
Health
Reactivity
0
Specific hazard
Personal Protection
E
WHMIS (Canada)
(Pictograms)
DSCL (Europe)
(Pictograms)
TDG (Canada)
(Pictograms)
ADR (Europe)
(Pictograms)
Protective Equipment
Gloves.
Lab coat.
Tetracycline
Dust respirator. Be sure to use an
approved/certified respirator or
equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator
when ventilation is inadequate.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

 四环素毒性和生态

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
QI8750000
CHEMICAL NAME :
2-Naphthacenecarboxamide, 4-(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,6, 10,12,12a- pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
60-54-8
LAST UPDATED :
199706
DATA ITEMS CITED :
44
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C22-H24-N2-O8
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
444.48
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
L E6 C666 BV FV CU GUTTT&J DQ EQ GVZ HQ IN1&1 MQ M1 RQ

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - woman
DOSE/DURATION :
600 mg/kg/15D
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Gastrointestinal - decreased motility or constipation Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - urine volume decreased
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Multiple routes
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - woman
DOSE/DURATION :
310 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - nausea or vomiting Liver - jaundice, other or unclassified Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - metabolic acidosis
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
807 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
310 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
129 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
678 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
120 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
400 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
157 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
1875 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2500 ug/kg/5D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Blood - changes in serum composition (e.g. TP, bilirubin, cholesterol) Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - phosphatases Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - transaminases
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
6 gm/kg/30D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - other changes Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes in urine composition Immunological Including Allergic - decreased immune response
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
10 ku/kg/5D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Immunological Including Allergic - decrease in cellular immune response Immunological Including Allergic - decrease in humoral immune response Reproductive - Paternal Effects - prostate, seminal vesicle, Cowper's gland, accessory glands
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
140 mg/kg/2W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Endocrine - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
DOSE :
200 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 34-35 week(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - delayed effects
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
DOSE :
80 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-39 week(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - other postnatal measures or effects
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
10 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 8-21 day(s) after conception lactating female 7 day(s) post-birth
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - behavioral
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
863 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
lactating female 4 day(s) post-birth
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - behavioral Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - physical
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
413 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
lactating female 3 day(s) post-birth
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - behavioral Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - physical
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
DOSE :
100 ug/m3/24H
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-20 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetal death
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
DOSE :
1 mg/m3/24H
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-20 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - extra-embryonic structures (e.g., placenta, umbilical cord)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
DOSE :
700 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 8-14 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
DOSE :
3 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 9-14 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetal death
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
700 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
lactating female 14 day(s) post-birth
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - skin and skin appendages
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
DOSE :
55 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 8-18 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus)
TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis

MUTATION DATA

TEST SYSTEM :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
110 mg/kg/24H (Continuous)
REFERENCE :
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