雌二醇

常用名 雌二醇 英文名 Estradiol
CAS号 50-28-2 分子量 272.382
密度 1.2±0.1 g/cm3 沸点 445.9±45.0 °C at 760 mmHg
分子式 C18H24O2 熔点 173ºC
MSDS雌二醇的MSDS|SDS|pdf下载 中文版 美版 闪点 209.6±23.3 °C
符号 GHS08
GHS08
信号词 Danger

 雌二醇用途


1.雌二醇戊酸酯、雌二醇苯甲酸酯的中间体。

2.雌激素类药。用于子宫功能性出血、原发性闭经、绝经期综合征及前列腺癌等。


 雌二醇名称

[ 中文名 ]: 雌二醇
[ 英文名 ]: 17β-estradiol
[中文别名 ]: 1,3,5-Estratriene-3,17β-diol
17β-雌二醇
[英文别名 ]: 17b-OH-estradiol
Estradiol-17β
17b-Estradiol
Epiestriol 50
Estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17-diol, (17β)-
17β estradiol
17-Beta-Estradiol
δ-Estradiol
Destradiol
Estradiol-17 β
Oestra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17β-diol
17b-Oestra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17-diol
Estra-1(10),2,4-triene-3,17-diol, (17β)-
δ-Oestradiol
estra-1(10),2,4-triene-3,17-diol, (17b)-
Oestradiol-17b
3,17β-Dihydroxyestra-1,3,5(10)-triene
D-3,17b-Estradiol
estradiol 17b
Ovocylin
(17b)-Estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17-diol
3,17β-Estradiol
3,17b-Dihydroxyestra-1,3,5(10)-triene
17-β-estradiol
3,17b-Oestradiol
Oestrogel
B-Estradiol
Estradiol-17-β
17-β-OH-estradiol
D-3,17b-Oestradiol
Estrogel
Oestra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17b-diol
Estradiolum
3,17b-Dihydroxy-1,3,5(10)-oestratriene
Estradiol
Estradiol, β-
Estradiol-17b
Estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17-diol(17b)-
17b-Oestradiol
(+)-3,17b-Estradiol
17β-estradiol
(17β)-Estra-1(10),2,4-triene-3,17-diol
Estradiolo [DCIT]
17beta-estradiol
17β estradiol (E2)
D-3,17β-Estradiol
17b-OH-oestradiol
17β-OH-oestradiol
17-β-OH-oestradiol
13β-Methyl-1,3,5(10)-gonatriene-3,17β-ol
Estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17b-diol
3,17b-Estradiol
Oestradiol-17β
FEMPATCH
MFCD01074033
(8R,9S,13S,14S,17S)-13-Methyl-7,8,9,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-decahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3,17-diol
13b-Methyl-1,3,5(10)-gonatriene-3,17b-ol
EINECS 200-023-8
Estracomb TTS
Estradiol-3,17b
(17b)-estra-1(10),2,4-triene-3,17-diol
Profoliol B
(+)-3,17β-Estradiol
17β-OH-estradiol
17β-Oestradiol

 雌二醇物理化学性质

[ 密度 ]: 1.2±0.1 g/cm3
[ 沸点 ]: 445.9±45.0 °C at 760 mmHg
[ 熔点 ]: 173ºC
[ 分子式 ]: C18H24O2
[ 分子量 ]: 272.382
[ 闪点 ]: 209.6±23.3 °C
[ 精确质量 ]: 272.177643
[ PSA ]: 40.46000
[ LogP ]: 4.13
[ 外观性状 ]: 白色至灰白色结晶粉末
[ 蒸汽压 ]: 0.0±1.1 mmHg at 25°C
[ 折射率 ]: 1.599
[ 储存条件 ]:

本品密封避光干燥保存。

[ 稳定性 ]:

雌激素的作用,在未成年女子能促使第二性征的发育和性器官的最后形成。在成年女子,除保持上述第二性征外,并能使子宫内膜发生一系列的变化,产生周期性月经。也能增加子宫和输卵管的活动,并增加子宫肌对催产素的敏感性。此外,雌激素还能增加骨骼钙盐的沉积,加速骨骺闭合,大剂量时能升高血清甘油三脂和磷脂,引起水钠潴留。较大剂量时雌激素还能作用下丘脑-垂体系统,抑制促性腺激素及催乳素的分泌,并能抵消雄激素的主要作用。

[ 分子结构 ]:

1、 摩尔折射率:79.50

2、 摩尔体积(cm3/mol):232.6

3、 等张比容(90.2K):615.4

4、 表面张力(dyne/cm):48.9

5、 极化率(10-24cm3):31.51

[ 计算化学 ]:

1.疏水参数计算参考值(XlogP):无

2.氢键供体数量:2

3.氢键受体数量:2

4.可旋转化学键数量:0

5.互变异构体数量:9

6.拓扑分子极性表面积40.5

7.重原子数量:20

8.表面电荷:0

9.复杂度:382

10.同位素原子数量:0

11.确定原子立构中心数量:5

12.不确定原子立构中心数量:0

13.确定化学键立构中心数量:0

14.不确定化学键立构中心数量:0

15.共价键单元数量:1

[ 更多 ]:

1. 性状:白色或乳白色叶片状或针状结晶(乙醇溶液);无臭。在空气中稳定

2. 密度(g/mL,25/4℃):未确定

3. 相对蒸汽密度(g/mL,空气=1):未确定

4. 熔点(ºC):178-179°C(lit.)

5. 沸点(ºC,常压):未确定

6. 沸点(ºC, 5.2 kPa):未确定

7. 折射率:80.4 ° (C=1, Dioxane)

8. 闪点(ºC):未确定

9. 比旋光度(º):未确定

10. 自燃点或引燃温度(ºC):未确定

11. 蒸气压(kPa,25 ºC):未确定

12. 饱和蒸气压(kPa,60 ºC):未确定

13. 燃烧热(KJ/mol):未确定

14. 临界温度(ºC):未确定

15. 临界压力(KPa):未确定

16. 油水(辛醇/水)分配系数的对数值:未确定

17. 爆炸上限(%,V/V):未确定

18. 爆炸下限(%,V/V):未确定 19. 溶解性:易溶于乙醇,溶于丙酮、氯仿、二氧六环和碱溶液,微溶于植物油,几乎不溶于水

 雌二醇MSDS


模块1. 化学品
1.1 产品标识符
: β-雌二醇
产品名称
1.2 鉴别的其他方法
3,17β-Dihydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratriene
1,3,5-Estratriene-3,17β-diol
Dihydrofolliculin
17β-Estradiol
1.3 有关的确定了的物质或混合物的用途和建议不适合的用途
仅用于研发。不作为药品、家庭或其它用途。

模块2. 危险性概述
2.1 GHS-分类
致癌性 (类别 2)
生殖毒性 (类别 1A)
影响哺乳或通过哺乳产生影响
2.2 GHS 标记要素,包括预防性的陈述
象形图
警示词危险
危险申明
H351怀疑会致癌。
H360可能对生育能力或胎儿造成伤害。
H362可能对母乳喂养的儿童造成伤害。
警告申明
预防措施
P201在使用前获取特别指示。
P202在读懂所有安全防范措施之前切勿操作。
P260不要吸入粉尘或烟雾。
P263怀孕/ 哺乳期间避免接触。
P264操作后彻底清洁皮肤。
P270使用本产品时不要进食、饮水或吸烟。
P281使用所需的个人防护设备。
事故响应
P308 + P313如接触到或有疑虑:求医/ 就诊。
安全储存
P405存放处须加锁。
废弃处置
P501将内容物/ 容器处理到得到批准的废物处理厂。
只限于专业使用者。
2.3 其它危害物 - 无

模块3. 成分/组成信息
3.1 物 质
: 3,17β-Dihydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratriene
别名
1,3,5-Estratriene-3,17β-diol
Dihydrofolliculin
17β-Estradiol
: C18H24O2
分子式
: 272.38 g/mol
分子量
组分浓度或浓度范围
Estradiol
<=100%
化学文摘登记号(CAS50-28-2
No.)200-023-8
EC-编号

模块4. 急救措施
4.1 必要的急救措施描述
一般的建议
请教医生。 向到现场的医生出示此安全技术说明书。
吸入
如果吸入,请将患者移到新鲜空气处。 如呼吸停止,进行人工呼吸。 请教医生。
皮肤接触
用肥皂和大量的水冲洗。 请教医生。
眼睛接触
用水冲洗眼睛作为预防措施。
食入
切勿给失去知觉者通过口喂任何东西。 用水漱口。 请教医生。
4.2 主要症状和影响,急性和迟发效应
据我们所知,此化学,物理和毒性性质尚未经完整的研究。
4.3 及时的医疗处理和所需的特殊处理的说明和指示
无数据资料

模块5. 消防措施
5.1 灭火介质
灭火方法及灭火剂
用水雾,抗乙醇泡沫,干粉或二氧化碳灭火。
5.2 源于此物质或混合物的特别的危害
碳氧化物
5.3 给消防员的建议
如必要的话,戴自给式呼吸器去救火。
5.4 进一步信息
无数据资料

模块6. 泄露应急处理
6.1 作业人员防护措施、防护装备和应急处置程序
使用个人防护用品。 避免粉尘生成。 避免吸入蒸气、烟雾或气体。 保证充分的通风。
人员疏散到安全区域。 避免吸入粉尘。
6.2 环境保护措施
如能确保安全,可采取措施防止进一步的泄漏或溢出。 不要让产品进入下水道。
6.3 泄漏化学品的收容、清除方法及所使用的处置材料
收集和处置时不要产生粉尘。 扫掉和铲掉。 放入合适的封闭的容器中待处理。
6.4 参考其他部分
丢弃处理请参阅第13节。

模块7. 操作处置与储存
7.1 安全操作的注意事项
避免曝露:使用前需要获得专门的指导。避免接触皮肤和眼睛。 避免形成粉尘和气溶胶。
在有粉尘生成的地方,提供合适的排风设备。
7.2 安全储存的条件,包括任何不兼容性
贮存在阴凉处。 使容器保持密闭,储存在干燥通风处。
7.3 特定用途
无数据资料

模块8. 接触控制和个体防护
8.1 容许浓度
最高容许浓度
没有已知的国家规定的暴露极限。
8.2 暴露控制
适当的技术控制
根据良好的工业卫生和安全规范进行操作。 休息前和工作结束时洗手。
个体防护设备
眼/面保护
带有防护边罩的安全眼镜符合 EN166要求请使用经官方标准如NIOSH (美国) 或 EN 166(欧盟)
检测与批准的设备防护眼部。
皮肤保护
戴手套取 手套在使用前必须受检查。
请使用合适的方法脱除手套(不要接触手套外部表面),避免任何皮肤部位接触此产品.
使用后请将被污染过的手套根据相关法律法规和有效的实验室规章程序谨慎处理. 请清洗并吹干双手
所选择的保护手套必须符合EU的89/686/EEC规定和从它衍生出来的EN 376标准。
完全接触
物料: 丁腈橡胶
最小的层厚度 0.11 mm
溶剂渗透时间: 480 min
测试过的物质Dermatril® (KCL 740 / Z677272, 规格 M)
飞溅保护
物料: 丁腈橡胶
最小的层厚度 0.11 mm
溶剂渗透时间: 480 min
测试过的物质Dermatril® (KCL 740 / Z677272, 规格 M)
, 测试方法 EN374
如果以溶剂形式应用或与其它物质混合应用,或在不同于EN
374规定的条件下应用,请与EC批准的手套的供应商联系。
这个推荐只是建议性的,并且务必让熟悉我们客户计划使用的特定情况的工业卫生学专家评估确认才可.
这不应该解释为在提供对任何特定使用情况方法的批准.
身体保护
防渗透的衣服, 防护设备的类型必须根据特定工作场所中的危险物的浓度和数量来选择。
呼吸系统防护
如危险性评测显示需要使用空气净化的防毒面具,请使用全面罩式多功能微粒防毒面具N100型(US
)或P3型(EN
143)防毒面具筒作为工程控制的候补。如果防毒面具是保护的唯一方式,则使用全面罩式送风防毒
面具。 呼吸器使用经过测试并通过政府标准如NIOSH(US)或CEN(EU)的呼吸器和零件。

模块9. 理化特性
9.1 基本的理化特性的信息
a) 外观与性状
形状: 粉末
颜色: 白色
b) 气味
无数据资料
c) 气味阈值
无数据资料
d) pH值
无数据资料
e) 熔点/凝固点
熔点/凝固点: 176 - 180 °C - lit.
f) 沸点、初沸点和沸程
无数据资料
g) 闪点
无数据资料
h) 蒸发速率
无数据资料
i) 易燃性(固体,气体)
无数据资料
j) 高的/低的燃烧性或爆炸性限度 无数据资料
k) 蒸气压
无数据资料
l) 蒸汽密度
无数据资料
m) 密度/相对密度
无数据资料
n) 水溶性
无数据资料
o) n-辛醇/水分配系数
无数据资料
p) 自燃温度
无数据资料
q) 分解温度
无数据资料
r) 粘度
无数据资料

模块10. 稳定性和反应活性
10.1 反应性
无数据资料
10.2 稳定性
无数据资料
10.3 危险反应
无数据资料
10.4 应避免的条件
无数据资料
10.5 不相容的物质
强氧化剂
10.6 危险的分解产物
其它分解产物 - 无数据资料

模块11. 毒理学资料
11.1 毒理学影响的信息
急性毒性
无数据资料
皮肤刺激或腐蚀
无数据资料
眼睛刺激或腐蚀
无数据资料
呼吸道或皮肤过敏
无数据资料
生殖细胞致突变性
细胞突变性-体外试验 - 大鼠 - 其他细胞类型
DNA损伤
细胞突变性-体内试验 - 大鼠 - 经口
形态变形
致癌性
美国国家毒理学研究计划(关于致癌物的十号报告)已经确认固醇类雌激素为人类致癌物,因为大量证据表明
,接触固醇类同人类肿瘤发生间存在因果关系。 该产品是或包含被IARC, ACGIH, EPA, 和 NTP
列为致癌物的组分
可疑人类致癌物
IARC:
此产品中没有大于或等于 0。1%含量的组分被 IARC鉴别为可能的或肯定的人类致癌物。
生殖毒性
可疑人类的生殖毒物 对胎儿的损害不能排除。
已知的人类生殖毒物 影响哺乳或通过哺乳产生影响 有可能损害生育能力。有损害胎儿的嫌疑。
特异性靶器官系统毒性(一次接触)
无数据资料
特异性靶器官系统毒性(反复接触)
无数据资料
吸入危险
无数据资料
潜在的健康影响
吸入吸入可能有害。 可能引起呼吸道刺激。
摄入如服入是有害的。
皮肤通过皮肤吸收可能有害。 可能引起皮肤刺激。
眼睛可能引起眼睛刺激。
接触后的征兆和症状
据我们所知,此化学,物理和毒性性质尚未经完整的研究。
附加说明
化学物质毒性作用登记: KG2975000

模块12. 生态学资料
12.1 生态毒性
对鱼类的毒性半数致死浓度(LC50) - 虹鳟 (红鳟鱼) - > 0.5 mg/l - 96 h
12.2 持久性和降解性
无数据资料
12.3 潜在的生物累积性
无数据资料
12.4 土壤中的迁移性
无数据资料
12.5 PBT 和 vPvB的结果评价
无数据资料
12.6 其它不良影响

模块13. 废弃处置
13.1 废物处理方法
产品
将剩余的和不可回收的溶液交给有许可证的公司处理。
与易燃溶剂相溶或者相混合,在备有燃烧后处理和洗刷作用的化学焚化炉中燃烧
受污染的容器和包装
按未用产品处置。

模块14. 运输信息
14.1 联合国危险货物编号
欧洲陆运危规: -国际海运危规: -国际空运危规: -
14.2 联合国运输名称
欧洲陆运危规: 非危险货物
国际海运危规: 非危险货物
国际空运危规: 非危险货物
14.3 运输危险类别
欧洲陆运危规: -国际海运危规: -国际空运危规: -
14.4 包裹组
欧洲陆运危规: -国际海运危规: -国际空运危规: -
14.5 环境危险
欧洲陆运危规: 否国际海运危规国际空运危规: 否
海洋污染物(是/否): 否
14.6 对使用者的特别提醒
无数据资料


模块 15 - 法规信息
N/A


模块16 - 其他信息
N/A

 雌二醇毒性和生态

雌二醇毒理学数据:

急性毒性:

主要的刺激性影响:

在皮肤上面:刺激皮肤和黏膜

在眼睛上面:刺激的影响。

致敏作用:没有已知的敏化影响。

雌二醇生态学数据:

总括注解

水危害级别3(德国规例)(通过名单进行自我评估)该物质对水有极其危害的。

即使是小量不要让该产品接触地下水、水道或污水系统。

即使是极其小量的产品渗入地下也会对饮用水造成危险

若无政府许可,勿将材料排入周围环境。

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
KG2975000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Estradiol
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
50-28-2
LAST UPDATED :
199710
DATA ITEMS CITED :
137
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C18-H24-O2
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
272.42
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
L E5 B666TTT&J E1 FQ OQ

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
LD - Lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
>300 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
4200 ug/kg/12W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Blood - changes in erythrocyte (RBC) count Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain Related to Chronic Data - changes in uterine weight
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1400 mg/kg/13W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Endocrine - tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
100 mg/kg/52W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria Skin and Appendages - tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
84 mg/kg/20W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria Reproductive - Tumorigenic effects - uterine tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
7 mg/kg/12W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Reproductive - Tumorigenic effects - uterine tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
1200 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - hamster
DOSE/DURATION :
200 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - Kidney tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - hamster
DOSE/DURATION :
360 mg/kg/15W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - Kidney tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
2400 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Reproductive - Tumorigenic effects - uterine tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
58 mg/kg/82W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria Skin and Appendages - tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
40 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Reproductive - Tumorigenic effects - uterine tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
100 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Reproductive - Tumorigenic effects - uterine tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
44 mg/kg/52W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Skin and Appendages - tumors Tumorigenic - tumor types after systemic administration not seen spontaneously
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
62500 ug/kg/36W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Endocrine - tumors Skin and Appendages - tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - hamster
DOSE/DURATION :
160 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - tumors Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - bronchiogenic carcinoma
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
30 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Skin and Appendages - tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
34 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria Skin and Appendages - tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
4400 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 31 week(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
1 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 4-8 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants) Reproductive - Fertility - abortion
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
750 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 3 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
875 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - female fertility index (e.g. # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
4195 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
DOSE :
1280 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 8 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - other effects on male Endocrine - changes in luteinizing hormone
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
2400 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 3 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
205 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 5 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
20 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 4 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
14400 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 5-16 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
10500 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - female fertility index (e.g. # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
6250 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 16-20 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - urogenital system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
15300 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-9 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea) Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured before birth)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
500 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - menstrual cycle changes or disorders
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
DOSE :
10 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
DOSE :
2 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 4 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
DOSE :
60 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 15-16 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - urogenital system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
DOSE :
60 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 19-20 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - endocrine system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
DOSE :
1800 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 15-20 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - ovaries, fallopian tubes
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
DOSE :
6720 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 14 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count) Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct Reproductive - Paternal Effects - prostate, seminal vesicle, Cowper's gland, accessory glands
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
DOSE :
70 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 14 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - menstrual cycle changes or disorders Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Parenteral
DOSE :
4 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 14-17 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Parenteral
DOSE :
1600 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 3 week(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count) Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
DOSE :
3600 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 90 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - prostate, seminal vesicle, Cowper's gland, accessory glands
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
DOSE :
437 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 91 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count) Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
DOSE :
262 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 91 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count) Reproductive - Paternal Effects - prostate, seminal vesicle, Cowper's gland, accessory glands Reproductive - Fertility - male fertility index (e.g. # males impregnating females per # males exposed to fertile nonpregnant females)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
DOSE :
5 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intrauterine
DOSE :
25 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
219 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 52 week(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - ovaries, fallopian tubes Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
667 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 3 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
DOSE :
4 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 5 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - menstrual cycle changes or disorders
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
10 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 5 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct Reproductive - Paternal Effects - prostate, seminal vesicle, Cowper's gland, accessory glands Reproductive - Fertility - male fertility index (e.g. # males impregnating females per # males exposed to fertile nonpregnant females)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
1 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 5 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
20 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 19 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - delayed effects
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
12 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-3 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
14400 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 4-6 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina Reproductive - Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
204 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 3 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
2 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Parenteral
DOSE :
9600 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 4-6 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured before birth)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Parenteral
DOSE :
4800 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 4-6 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Parenteral
DOSE :
4 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
DOSE :
1720 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 16-21 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - parturition Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured before birth)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
10 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-6 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - female fertility index (e.g. # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated)
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
DOSE :
30 ug/kg/30M
SEX/DURATION :
male 60 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count) Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
60 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 8 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct Reproductive - Paternal Effects - prostate, seminal vesicle, Cowper's gland, accessory glands
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
50 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
90 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-11 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured before birth)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
45 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-3 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
45 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 5-7 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
DOSE :
30 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 18-20 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured before birth) Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetal death
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
DOSE :
5 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-3 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
DOSE :
190 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-19 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea) Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Parenteral
DOSE :
7692 ng/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 9-10 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
90 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-9 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants) Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured before birth)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
900 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-9 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
DOSE :
160 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 50 week(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
15 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 15 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct Reproductive - Paternal Effects - prostate, seminal vesicle, Cowper's gland, accessory glands
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
14 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
126 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 48 week(s) pre-mating female 1-28 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - menstrual cycle changes or disorders Reproductive - Fertility - female fertility index (e.g. # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
DOSE :
900 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 26 week(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
DOSE :
1 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
lactating female 26-47 day(s) post-birth
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - menstrual cycle changes or disorders
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Implant
DOSE :
147 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 82 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - testes, epididymis, sperm duct Reproductive - Paternal Effects - other effects on male
TYPE OF TEST :
Morphological transformation
TYPE OF TEST :
Mutation test systems - not otherwise specified
TYPE OF TEST :
Unscheduled DNA synthesis
TYPE OF TEST :
Unscheduled DNA synthesis
TYPE OF TEST :
Unscheduled DNA synthesis
TYPE OF TEST :
Mutation test systems - not otherwise specified
TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis
TYPE OF TEST :
Micronucleus test
TYPE OF TEST :
Unscheduled DNA synthesis
TYPE OF TEST :
DNA inhibition
TYPE OF TEST :
Sister chromatid exchange
TYPE OF TEST :
Sister chromatid exchange
TYPE OF TEST :
Sperm Morphology
TYPE OF TEST :
DNA damage
TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis
TYPE OF TEST :
Unscheduled DNA synthesis

MUTATION DATA

TEST SYSTEM :
Bird - chicken
DOSE/DURATION :
25 mg/kg
REFERENCE :
BBRCA9 Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1959- Volume(issue)/page/year: 112,425,1983 *** REVIEWS *** IARC Cancer Review:Animal Sufficient Evidence IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) V.1- 1972- Volume(issue)/page/year: 21,279,1979 IARC Cancer Review:Animal Sufficient Evidence IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) V.1- 1972- Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,99,1974 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW CLPTAT Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (St. Louis). (C.V. Mosby Co., 11830 Westline Industrial Dr., St. Louis, MO 63146) V.1- 1960- Volume(issue)/page/year: 5,480,1964 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW ADVPA3 Advances in Pharmacology. (New York, NY) V.1-6, 1962-68. For publisher information, see AVPCAQ. Volume(issue)/page/year: 4,263,1966 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW CANCAR Cancer (Philadelphia). (Lippincott/Harper, Journal Fulfillment Dept., 2350 Virginia Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21740) V.1- 1948- Volume(issue)/page/year: 40,1825,1977 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW ACRSAJ Advances in Cancer Research. (Academic Press, Inc., 465 S. Lincoln Dr., Troy, MO 63379) V.1- 1953- Volume(issue)/page/year: 1,173,1953 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW CLECAP Clinical Endocrinology (Oxford). (Blackwell Scientific Pub. Ltd., POB 88, Oxford, UK) V.1- 1972- Volume(issue)/page/year: 4,551,1975 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 80407 No. of Facilities: 68 (estimated) No. of Industries: 1 No. of Occupations: 6 No. of Employees: 2770 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 80407 No. of Facilities: 151 (estimated) No. of Industries: 4 No. of Occupations: 5 No. of Employees: 9083 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 8217 (estimated)

 雌二醇安全信息

[ 符号 ]: GHS08
GHS08
[ 信号词 ]: Danger
[ 危害声明 ]: H351-H360Fd-H362
[ 警示性声明 ]: P201-P263-P281-P308 + P313
[ 个人防护装备 ]: Eyeshields;full-face particle respirator type N100 (US);Gloves;respirator cartridge type N100 (US);type P1 (EN143) respirator filter;type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges
[ 危害码 (欧洲) ]: T:Toxic
[ 风险声明 (欧洲) ]: R45
[ 安全声明 (欧洲) ]: S53-S45
[ 危险品运输编码 ]: NONH for all modes of transport
[ RTECS号 ]: KG2975000
[ 包装等级 ]: III
[ 危险类别 ]: 6.1

 雌二醇合成线路

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文献:Swamy; Ilankumaran, Palanichamy; Chandrasekaran, Srinivasan Synlett, 1997 , # SPEC. ISS. p. 513 - 514

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文献:Cheng, Lili; Aw, Carlin; Ong, Siew Siang; Lu, Yixin Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 2007 , vol. 80, # 10 p. 2008 - 2010

~0%

文献:Kaim, Wolfgang; Lechner-Knoblauch, Ulrike; Haenel, Peter; Bock, Hans Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1983 , vol. 48, p. 4206 - 4208

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文献:Vasiljeva; Demin; Kochev; Lapitskaya; Pivnitsky Russian Chemical Bulletin, 1999 , vol. 48, # 3 p. 593 - 595

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文献:Lim, Chongsoo; Evenson, Gerald N.; Perrault, William R.; Pearlman, Bruce A. Tetrahedron Letters, 2006 , vol. 47, # 36 p. 6417 - 6420

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文献:Node, Manabu; Kumar, Kamal; Nishide, Kiyoharu; Ohsugi, Shin-Ichi; Miyamoto, Tetsuo Tetrahedron Letters, 2001 , vol. 42, # 52 p. 9207 - 9210 Title/Abstract Full Text View citing articles Show Details Nishide, Kiyoharu; Ohsugi, Shin-Ichi; Miyamoto, Tetsuo; Kumar, Kamal; Node, Manabu Monatshefte fur Chemie, 2004 , vol. 135, # 2 p. 189 - 200

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文献:Node, Manabu; Kumar, Kamal; Nishide, Kiyoharu; Ohsugi, Shin-Ichi; Miyamoto, Tetsuo Tetrahedron Letters, 2001 , vol. 42, # 52 p. 9207 - 9210 Title/Abstract Full Text View citing articles Show Details Nishide, Kiyoharu; Ohsugi, Shin-Ichi; Miyamoto, Tetsuo; Kumar, Kamal; Node, Manabu Monatshefte fur Chemie, 2004 , vol. 135, # 2 p. 189 - 200

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~98%

文献:Node, Manabu; Nishide, Kiyoharu; Fuji, Kaoru; Fujita, Eiichi Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1980 , vol. 45, # 22 p. 4275 - 4277

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文献:Kocovsky, Pavel; Baines, Richard S. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1994 , vol. 59, # 18 p. 5439 - 5444

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Rigby, James H.; Warshakoon, Namal C.; Payen, Anne J. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1999 , vol. 121, # 36 p. 8237 - 8245

~%

文献:Whitman; Wintersteiner; Schwenk Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1937 , vol. 118, p. 789,794

~96%

文献:Node, Manabu; Kumar, Kamal; Nishide, Kiyoharu; Ohsugi, Shin-Ichi; Miyamoto, Tetsuo Tetrahedron Letters, 2001 , vol. 42, # 52 p. 9207 - 9210 Title/Abstract Full Text View citing articles Show Details Nishide, Kiyoharu; Ohsugi, Shin-Ichi; Miyamoto, Tetsuo; Kumar, Kamal; Node, Manabu Monatshefte fur Chemie, 2004 , vol. 135, # 2 p. 189 - 200

~%

文献:Al-Hassan, Mohammed I. Synthetic Communications, 1989 , vol. 19, # 3and4 p. 453 - 462

~4%

文献:Jarman, Michael; McCague, Raymond Journal of Chemical Research, Miniprint, 1985 , # 4 p. 1301 - 1341

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文献:Minailova, O. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1981 , vol. 51, # 6 p. 1437 - 1438,1219 - 1220

~%

文献:Cadot, Christine; Poirier, Donald; Philip, Anie Tetrahedron, 2006 , vol. 62, # 18 p. 4384 - 4392

~%

文献:Cui, Xiaoxue; Li, Bo; Liu, Tianzhen; Li, Chunbao Green Chemistry, 2012 , vol. 14, # 3 p. 668 - 672

~%

文献:Gibb; Lavoie Steroids, 1980 , vol. 36, # 5 p. 507 - 519

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文献:Singh Tetrahedron Letters, 2000 , vol. 41, # 36 p. 6973 - 6976

~%

文献:Wilson, Maureen R.; Gallimore, Winklet A.; Reese, Paul B. Steroids, 1999 , vol. 64, # 12 p. 834 - 843

~%

文献:Jarman, Michael; McCague, Raymond Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 1984 , # 2 p. 125 - 127

~50%

文献:Numazawa, Mitsuteri; Ogura, Yuko; Kimura, Katsuhiko; Nagaoka, Masao Journal of Chemical Research, Miniprint, 1985 , # 11 p. 3701 - 3715

~%

文献:Numazawa, Mitsuteri; Ogura, Yuko; Kimura, Katsuhiko; Nagaoka, Masao Journal of Chemical Research, Miniprint, 1985 , # 11 p. 3701 - 3715

~%

文献:Kocovsky, Pavel; Baines, Richard S. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1994 , vol. 59, # 18 p. 5439 - 5444

~%

文献:Kocovsky, Pavel; Baines, Richard S. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1994 , vol. 59, # 18 p. 5439 - 5444

~%

文献:Kocovsky, Pavel; Baines, Richard S. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1994 , vol. 59, # 18 p. 5439 - 5444

~%

文献:Cadot, Christine; Poirier, Donald; Philip, Anie Tetrahedron, 2006 , vol. 62, # 18 p. 4384 - 4392

~%

文献:Cadot, Christine; Poirier, Donald; Philip, Anie Tetrahedron, 2006 , vol. 62, # 18 p. 4384 - 4392

~%

文献:Cadot, Christine; Poirier, Donald; Philip, Anie Tetrahedron, 2006 , vol. 62, # 18 p. 4384 - 4392

~%

文献:Cadot, Christine; Poirier, Donald; Philip, Anie Tetrahedron, 2006 , vol. 62, # 18 p. 4384 - 4392

~%

文献:Cadot, Christine; Poirier, Donald; Philip, Anie Tetrahedron, 2006 , vol. 62, # 18 p. 4384 - 4392

~%

文献:Lim, Chongsoo; Evenson, Gerald N.; Perrault, William R.; Pearlman, Bruce A. Tetrahedron Letters, 2006 , vol. 47, # 36 p. 6417 - 6420

~%

文献:Lim, Chongsoo; Evenson, Gerald N.; Perrault, William R.; Pearlman, Bruce A. Tetrahedron Letters, 2006 , vol. 47, # 36 p. 6417 - 6420

~0%

详细
文献:Golubovskaya, L. E.; Rzheznikov, V. M.; Zontova, V. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1981 , vol. 51, # 6 p. 1266 - 1276,1072 - 1080

~%

文献:Al-Hassan, Mohammed I. Synthetic Communications, 1989 , vol. 19, # 3and4 p. 453 - 462

~%

文献:Oppolzer, Wolfgang; Roberts, David Anthony Helvetica Chimica Acta, 1980 , vol. 63, # 6 p. 1703 - 1705

~%

文献:Oppolzer, Wolfgang; Roberts, David Anthony Helvetica Chimica Acta, 1980 , vol. 63, # 6 p. 1703 - 1705

~%

文献:Oppolzer, Wolfgang; Roberts, David Anthony Helvetica Chimica Acta, 1980 , vol. 63, # 6 p. 1703 - 1705

~%

文献:Oppolzer, Wolfgang; Roberts, David Anthony Helvetica Chimica Acta, 1980 , vol. 63, # 6 p. 1703 - 1705

~%

文献:Golubovskaya, L. E.; Rzheznikov, V. M.; Zontova, V. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1981 , vol. 51, # 6 p. 1266 - 1276,1072 - 1080

~%

文献:Al-Hassan, Mohammed I. Synthetic Communications, 1989 , vol. 19, # 3and4 p. 453 - 462

~%

文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

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文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

~%

文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

~%

文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

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文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

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文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

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文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

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文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

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文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

~%

文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

~%

文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

~%

文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

~%

文献:Schering-Kahlbaum A.G. Patent: AU15422 , 1933 ; Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: DE729758 , 1933 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem.

~%

文献:Mukawa, Fumikazu Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1: Organic and Bio-Organic Chemistry (1972-1999), 1988 , p. 457 - 460

~49%

文献:Numazawa, Mitsuteru; Ogura, Yuko Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 1983 , # 9 p. 533 - 534

~%

文献:Mukawa, Fumikazu Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1: Organic and Bio-Organic Chemistry (1972-1999), 1988 , p. 457 - 460

~%

文献:Mukawa, Fumikazu Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1: Organic and Bio-Organic Chemistry (1972-1999), 1988 , p. 457 - 460

~%

文献:Tada, Masahiro; Chiba, Kazuhiro; Izumiya, Koji; Tamura, Mihoko Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 1993 , vol. 66, # 11 p. 3532 - 3533

~51%

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~%

文献:Schering Corp. Patent: US2418603 , 1941 ;

~%

文献:Jarman, Michael; McCague, Raymond Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 1984 , # 2 p. 125 - 127

~%

文献:Golubovskaya, L. E.; Rzheznikov, V. M.; Zontova, V. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1981 , vol. 51, # 6 p. 1266 - 1276,1072 - 1080

~%

文献:Golubovskaya, L. E.; Rzheznikov, V. M.; Zontova, V. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1981 , vol. 51, # 6 p. 1266 - 1276,1072 - 1080

~%

文献:Golubovskaya, L. E.; Rzheznikov, V. M.; Zontova, V. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1981 , vol. 51, # 6 p. 1266 - 1276,1072 - 1080

~%

文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

~%

文献:Quinkert; Schwartz; Stark; et al. 1982 , vol. No. 11, p. 1999 - 2040

~%

文献:Golubovskaya, L. E.; Rzheznikov, V. M.; Zontova, V. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1981 , vol. 51, # 6 p. 1266 - 1276,1072 - 1080

~%

文献:Golubovskaya, L. E.; Rzheznikov, V. M.; Zontova, V. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1981 , vol. 51, # 6 p. 1266 - 1276,1072 - 1080

~%

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文献:Albers; Muller Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1992 , vol. 81, # 8 p. 756 - 761

~%

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~%

文献:Dusza, John P.; Joseph, Joseph P.; Bernstein, Seymour Steroids, 1985 , vol. 45, # 3,4 p. 303 - 316

~%

文献:ALEXZA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. Patent: WO2008/134668 A2, 2008 ; Location in patent: Page/Page column 21 ;

~%

文献:Wilds; Djerassi Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1946 , vol. 68, p. 2125,2128 Full Text Show Details Inhoffen Angewandte Chemie, 1947 , vol. 59, p. 207,211, 212 Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: DE722943 , 1936 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem.

~%

文献:Wilds; Djerassi Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1946 , vol. 68, p. 2125,2128 Full Text Show Details Inhoffen Angewandte Chemie, 1947 , vol. 59, p. 207,211, 212 Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: DE722943 , 1936 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem.

~%

文献:Wilds; Djerassi Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1946 , vol. 68, p. 2125,2128 Full Text Show Details Inhoffen Angewandte Chemie, 1947 , vol. 59, p. 207,211, 212 Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: DE722943 , 1936 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem.

~%

文献:Wilds; Djerassi Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1946 , vol. 68, p. 2125,2128 Full Text Show Details Inhoffen Angewandte Chemie, 1947 , vol. 59, p. 207,211, 212 Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: DE722943 , 1936 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem.

~%

文献:Wilds; Djerassi Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1946 , vol. 68, p. 2125,2128 Full Text Show Details Inhoffen Angewandte Chemie, 1947 , vol. 59, p. 207,211, 212 Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: DE722943 , 1936 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem.

~%

文献:Caspi, Eliahu; Njar, Vincent C. O. Steroids, 1987 , vol. 50, # 4-6 p. 347 - 362

~%

文献:Dusza, John P.; Joseph, Joseph P.; Bernstein, Seymour Steroids, 1985 , vol. 45, # 3,4 p. 303 - 316

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文献:Schering-Kahlbaum A.G. Patent: GB428133 , 1933 ; Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: DE711378 , 1932 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem.

~%

文献:CIBA Patent: US2841531 , 1956 ;

~%

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~%

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~%

文献:Schering-Kahlbaum A.G. Patent: GB446501 , 1934 ;

~%

文献:Minailova, O. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1983 , vol. 53, # 3 p. 639 - 647,555 - 562

~2%

文献:Miller, Barry W.; Kirk, David M. Journal of Chemical Research, Miniprint, 1988 , # 9 p. 2127 - 2156

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文献:Labor. francais de Chimiotherapie Patent: DE676115 , 1936 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem.

~%

文献:Wilds; Djerassi Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1946 , vol. 68, p. 2125,2128

~89%

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~%

文献:Schering Corp. Patent: US2225419 , 1938 ; Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: DE705314 , 1937 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem.

~%

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~%

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详细
文献:Marker; Lawson Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1938 , vol. 60, p. 2438,2439 Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1939 , vol. 61, p. 586,587 Full Text Show Details Marker Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1938 , vol. 60, p. 1897,1900 Full Text Show Details David Acta Brevia Neerlandica de Physiologia, Pharmacologia, Microbiologia E. A, 1938 , vol. 8, p. 211,213 Chem. Zentralbl., 1939 , vol. 110, # I p. 3898

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文献:Lund Chemische Berichte, 1937 , vol. 70, p. 1520,1524 Full Text Show Details Marker Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1938 , vol. 60, p. 1897,1900

~10%

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~%

详细
文献:Marker; Rohrmann Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1938 , vol. 60, p. 2927

~%

详细
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~%

详细
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~%

详细
文献:Moon; Duleba Steroids, 1982 , vol. 39, # 4 p. 419 - 430

~%

文献:Inhoffen; Zuehlsdorff Chemische Berichte, 1941 , vol. 74, p. 1911,1916 Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: DE751739 , 1935 ; DRP/DRBP Org.Chem. Full Text Show Details Schering A.G. Patent: US2361847 , 1941 ;

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文献:Pearlman; Pincus Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1943 , vol. 147, p. 379,382,384 Full Text Show Details Pincus; Pearlman Endocrinology, 1942 , vol. 31, p. 507

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文献:Golubovskaya, L. E.; Rzheznikov, V. M.; Zontova, V. N.; Pivnitskii, K. K. J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1981 , vol. 51, # 6 p. 1266 - 1276,1072 - 1080

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文献:Sjoestroem; Nykaenen Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1956 , vol. 21, p. 1321

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文献:Sjoestroem; Nykaenen Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1956 , vol. 21, p. 1321

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文献:Dirscherl Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift fuer Physiologische Chemie, 1936 , vol. 239, p. 53,62 Full Text Show Details Miescher; Scholz Helvetica Chimica Acta, 1937 , vol. 20, p. 263,268

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文献:Mamoli Chemische Berichte, 1938 , vol. 71, p. 2696,2698

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文献:Dirscherl Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift fuer Physiologische Chemie, 1936 , vol. 239, p. 53,62

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详细
文献:Schering-Kahlbaum A.G. Patent: GB446501 , 1934 ;

 雌二醇制备

1.用雄甾-4-烯-19-去甲基-3,17-二酮经溴化在2-和6-位引入溴,然后在4-乙基-2-甲基吡啶存在下脱溴化氢(消除),生成2,4,6-雄甾三烯-19-去甲基-3,17-二酮,再经高温裂解生成雌酚酮,进而锂铝氢还原制得该品。

 雌二醇文献850

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