百草枯

常用名 百草枯 英文名 Paraquat
CAS号 1910-42-5 分子量 257.159
密度 1.25 沸点 175ºC
分子式 C12H14Cl2N2 熔点 >300 °C(lit.)
MSDS百草枯的MSDS|SDS|pdf下载 中文版 闪点 N/A

 百草枯用途


用作除草剂


 百草枯名称

[ 中文名 ]: 百草枯二氯化物
[ 英文名 ]: paraquat dichloride
[中文别名 ]: 1,1-二甲基-4,4'-联吡啶鎓盐二氯化物
百草枯二氯盐
百草枯,1,1-二甲基-4,4'-联吡啶鎓盐二氯化物
甲基紫精
二氯百草枯
百草枯
1,1'-二甲基-4,4'-联吡啶鎓盐二氯化物水合物
百草枯(PARAQUAT)
吸附树脂D312
甲基紫精水合物
[英文别名 ]: 1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridilium dichloride
Bipyridinium, 1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-, dichloride
methylviologen dichloride
1,1'-Dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridynium dichloride
1,1′-dimethyl-4,4′ bipyridinium dichloride
1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-dipyridinium dichoride
1,1'-Dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium Dichloride Hydrate
Paraquat, dichloride
Paraquat dichloride
MFCD00011986
1,1'-Dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium Dichloride  Hydrate
PP910
Paraquat Hydrate
N,N'-Dimethyl-4,4'-dipyridylium dichloride
EFOXON
ok622
Methyl viologen dichloride hydrate
4,4'-Bipyridinium, 1,1'-dimethyl-, dichloride
EINECS 217-615-7
esgram
Paraquat chloride
1,1’-dimethyl-4,4’-bipyridinium chloride (1:2)
OSAQUAT
1,1’-dimethyl-[4,4’-bipyridine]-1,1’-diium dichloride
TOTAL
WEEDOL
ah501
1,1’-dimethyl-4,4’-bipyridinium dichloride
PP 148
4,4'-Bipyridinium, 1,1'-dimethyl-, chloride (1:2)
Methyl viologen dichloride
Purity of Paraquat
1,1'-Dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium dichloride
pathclear
Methyl Viologen Hydrate
PARACOL

 百草枯物理化学性质

[ 密度 ]: 1.25
[ 沸点 ]: 175ºC
[ 熔点 ]: >300 °C(lit.)
[ 分子式 ]: C12H14Cl2N2
[ 分子量 ]: 257.159
[ 精确质量 ]: 256.053406
[ PSA ]: 7.76000
[ 外观性状 ]: 灰白色粉末
[ 储存条件 ]:

密封、在 0-6 ºC下保存

[ 稳定性 ]:

如果遵照规格使用和储存则不会分解,未有已知危险反应,避免氧化物

[ 水溶解性 ]: soluble
[ 计算化学 ]:

1、 疏水参数计算参考值(XlogP):

2、 氢键供体数量:0

3、 氢键受体数量:2

4、 可旋转化学键数量:1

5、 互变异构体数量:

6、 拓扑分子极性表面积(TPSA):7.8

7、 重原子数量:16

8、 表面电荷:0

9、 复杂度:145

10、同位素原子数量: 0

11、确定原子立构中心数量:0

12、不确定原子立构中心数量:0

13、确定化学键立构中心数量:0

14、不确定化学键立构中心数量:0

15、共价键单元数量:3

[ 更多 ]:

1. 性状:粉末

2. 密度(g/mL,20ºC):1.25

3. 相对蒸汽密度(g/mL,空气=1):未确定

4. 熔点(ºC):>300

5. 沸点(ºC):未确定

6. 沸点(ºC,20mmHg):未确定

7. 折射率:未确定

8. 闪点(°F):未确定

9. 比旋光度(ºF):未确定

10. 自燃点或引燃温度(ºC):未确定

11. 蒸气压(kPa,25ºC):未确定

12. 饱和蒸气压(kPa,40ºC):未确定

13. 燃烧热(KJ/mol):未确定

14. 临界温度(ºC):未确定

15. 临界压力(KPa):未确定

16. 油水(辛醇/水)分配系数的对数值:未确定

17. 爆炸上限(%,V/V):未确定

18. 爆炸下限(%,V/V):未确定

19. 溶解性:易溶于水的

 百草枯MSDS

第一部分:化学品名称
化学品中文名称: 百草枯
化学品英文名称: Paraquat
中文俗名或商品名:
Synonyms:
CAS No.: 1910-42-5
分子式: C12H14Cl2N2
分子量: 257.16
第二部分:成分/组成信息
纯化学品混合物
化学品名称:百草枯
有害物成分 含量 CAS No.
百草枯 100 1910-42-5
第三部分:危险性概述
危险性类别: 第6.1类 毒害品
侵入途径: 吸入 食入 经皮吸收
健康危害: 属中等毒类物质。中毒多为误服所引起,引起口腔、咽部的炎性损伤,同时,引起食管炎、胃炎,对肝、肾有损害作用。中毒数日后,出现呼吸困难及紫绀,呼吸衰竭,往往导致死亡。长期接触可引起指甲损伤、鼻出血和皮炎。
环境危害:
燃爆危险: 本品可燃,有毒。
危险特性: 5.10 与氧化剂会发生反应,遇明火、高热易引起燃烧。
5.12 遇明火、高热易引起燃烧。
5.17 受热时分解。
5.71 受热分解放出有毒气体。
危险性概述: A198 有毒、可燃
安全措施: B04 远离热源、火种,贮于阴凉通风处
B50 应与氧化剂、酸类、食用化学品分储
B51 应与氧化剂、碱类、食用化学品分储
B82 误食,饮水,催吐,洗胃,导泄,就医
第四部分:急救措施
皮肤接触: 立即脱去污染的衣着,用肥皂水及流动清水彻底冲洗污染的皮肤、头发、指甲等。就医。
眼睛接触: 立即提起眼睑,用流动清水冲洗10分钟或用2%碳酸氢钠溶液冲洗。
吸入: 迅速脱离现场至空气新鲜处。呼吸困难时给输氧。呼吸停止时,立即进行人工呼吸。就医。
食入: 误服者给饮大量温水,催吐,可用温水或1:5000高锰酸钾液彻底洗胃。或用2%碳酸氢钠反复洗胃。就医。
第五部分:消防措施
危险特性: 遇明火、高热可燃。与强氧化剂可发生反应。受热分解放出有毒的氧化氮烟气。
有害燃烧产物: 一氧化碳、二氧化碳、氧化氮、氯化氢
灭火方法及灭火剂: 雾状水、泡沫、二氧化碳、砂土。
消防员的个体防护: 消防人员须佩戴防毒面具、穿全身消防服
禁止使用的灭火剂:
闪点(℃): 无资料
自燃温度(℃): 无资料
爆炸下限[%(V/V)]: 无资料
爆炸上限[%(V/V)]: 无资料
最小点火能(mJ):
爆燃点:
爆速:
最大燃爆压力(MPa):
建规火险分级:
第六部分:泄漏应急处理
应急处理: 隔离泄漏污染区,周围设警告标志,建议应急处理人员戴好防毒面具,穿化学防护服。不要直接接触泄漏物,避免扬尘,小心扫起,置于袋中转移至安全场所。也可以用大量水冲洗,经稀释的洗水放入废水系统。如大量泄漏,收集回收或无害处理后废弃。
第七部分:操作处置与储存
操作注意事项: 密闭操作,提供充分的局部排风。操作尽可能机械化、自动化。操作人员必须经过专门培训,严格遵守操作规程。建议操作人员佩戴自吸过滤式防尘口罩,戴化学安全防护眼镜,穿防毒物渗透工作服,戴乳胶手套。远离火种、热源,工作场所严禁吸烟。使用防爆型的通风系统和设备。避免产生粉尘。避免与氧化剂、酸类、碱类接触。搬运时要轻装轻卸,防止包装及容器损坏。配备相应品种和数量的消防器材及泄漏应急处理设备。倒空的容器可能残留有害物。
储存注意事项: 储存于阴凉、通风的库房。远离火种、热源。应与氧化剂、酸类、碱类、食用化学品分开存放,切忌混储。配备相应品种和数量的消防器材。储区应备有合适的材料收容泄漏物。
第八部分:接触控制/个体防护
最高容许浓度: 中国MAC:未制定标准苏联MAC:未制定标准美国TWA:OSHA 0.5mg/m3[皮] A
监测方法:
工程控制: 严加密闭,提供充分的局部排风。尽可能机械化、自动化。
呼吸系统防护: 生产操作或农业使用时,建议佩带防毒口罩。紧急事态抢救或逃生时,应该佩带自给式呼吸器。
眼睛防护: 戴化学安全防护眼镜。
身体防护: 穿相应的防护服。
手防护: 戴防护手套。
其他防护: 工作现场禁止吸烟、进食和饮水。工作后,彻底清洗。工作服不要带到非作业场所,单独存放被毒物污染的衣服,
第九部分:理化特性
外观与性状: 白色粉末。
pH:
熔点(℃): >300
沸点(℃): 无资料
相对密度(水=1): 无资料
相对蒸气密度(空气=1): 无资料
饱和蒸气压(kPa): 无资料
燃烧热(kJ/mol):
临界温度(℃):
临界压力(MPa):
辛醇/水分配系数的对数值: 无资料
闪点(℃): 无资料
引燃温度(℃): 无资料
爆炸上限%(V/V): 无资料
爆炸下限%(V/V): 无资料
分子式: C12H14Cl2N2
分子量: 257.16
蒸发速率:
粘性:
溶解性: 易溶于水,溶于醇、丙酮。
主要用途: 用作除草剂。
第十部分:稳定性和反应活性
稳定性: 在常温常压下 稳定
禁配物: 强氧化剂、强酸、强碱。
避免接触的条件:
聚合危害: 不能出现
分解产物: 一氧化碳、二氧化碳、氧化氮、氯化氢。
第十一部分:毒理学资料
急性毒性: 属中等毒类 LD50:139~162mg/kg(大鼠经口);325mg/kg(兔经皮) LC50:
急性中毒:
慢性中毒:
亚急性和慢性毒性:
刺激性:
致敏性:
致突变性:
致畸性:
致癌性:
第十二部分:生态学资料
生态毒理毒性:
生物降解性:
非生物降解性:
生物富集或生物积累性:
第十三部分:废弃处置
废弃物性质:
废弃处置方法: 处置前应参阅国家和地方有关法规。建议用焚烧法处置。与燃料混合后,再焚烧。焚烧炉排出的气体要通过洗涤器除去。
废弃注意事项:
第十四部分:运输信息
危险货物编号: 61896
UN编号: 2781
包装标志:
包装类别:
包装方法: 塑料袋或二层牛皮纸袋外全开口或中开口钢桶;两层塑料袋或一层塑料袋外麻袋、塑料编织袋、乳胶布袋;塑料袋外复合塑料编织袋(聚丙烯三合一袋、聚乙烯三合一袋、聚丙烯二合一袋、聚乙烯二合一袋);塑料袋或二层牛皮纸袋外普通木箱;螺纹口玻璃瓶、塑料瓶、复合塑料瓶或铝瓶外普通木箱;塑料瓶、两层塑料袋或两层牛皮纸袋(内或外套以塑料袋)外瓦楞纸箱。
运输注意事项: 储存于阴凉、通风仓间内。远离火种、热源。防止阳光直射。保持容器密封。应与氧化剂、碱类、食用化工原料分开存放。不可混储混运。搬运时要轻装轻卸,防止包装及容器损坏。分装和搬运作业要注意个人防护。
RETCS号:
IMDG规则页码:
第十五部分:法规信息
国内化学品安全管理法规: 化学危险物品安全管理条例 (1987年2月17日国务院发布),化学危险物品安全管理条例实施细则 (化劳发[1992] 677号),工作场所安全使用化学品规定 ([1996]劳部发423号)等法规,针对化学危险品的安全使用、生产、储存、运输、装卸等方面均作了相应规定;常用危险化学品的分类及标志 (GB 13690-92)将该物质划为第6.1 类毒害品。
国际化学品安全管理法规:
第十六部分:其他信息
参考文献: 1.周国泰,化学危险品安全技术全书,化学工业出版社,1997 2.国家环保局有毒化学品管理办公室、北京化工研究院合编,化学品毒性法规环境数据手册,中国环境科学出版社.1992 3.Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety,CHEMINFO Database.1998 4.Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, RTECS Database, 1989
填表时间: 年月日
填表部门:
数据审核单位:
修改说明:
其他信息: 2
MSDS修改日期: 年月日

 百草枯毒性和生态

百草枯生态学数据:

对水是稍微有危害的不要让未稀释或大量的产品接触地下水、水道或者污水系统,若无政府许可,勿将材料排入周围环境。

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
DW2275000
CHEMICAL NAME :
4,4'-Bipyridinium, 1,1'-dimethyl-, dichloride
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
1910-42-5
LAST UPDATED :
199806
DATA ITEMS CITED :
105
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C12-H14-N2.2Cl
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
257.18
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
T6KJ A1 D- DT6KJ A1 &G 2

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
1720 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - acute pulmonary edema Liver - liver function tests impaired Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
3380 uL/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - fibrosis, focal (pneumoconiosis) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - sputum
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
DOSE/DURATION :
214 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - chronic pulmonary edema Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - woman
DOSE/DURATION :
3 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - headache Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - cough Gastrointestinal - nausea or vomiting
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
32 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes Gastrointestinal - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
43 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - other changes Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in both tubules and glomeruli Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - urine volume decreased
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - woman
DOSE/DURATION :
111 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea Gastrointestinal - ulceration or bleeding from stomach Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
57 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
80 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
26 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Brain and Coverings - recordings from specific areas of CNS Behavioral - changes in motor activity (specific assay) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory stimulation
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
27 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
21 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - acute pulmonary edema Gastrointestinal - hypermotility, diarrhea Skin and Appendages - hair
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
120 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - fibrosis (interstitial) Biochemical - Metabolism (Intermediary) - lipids including transport
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
20 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - acute pulmonary edema Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
37 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
180 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
25 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
34500 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - hypermotility, diarrhea Gastrointestinal - nausea or vomiting Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Primate - monkey
DOSE/DURATION :
50 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - convulsions or effect on seizure threshold Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - emphysema Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - cat
DOSE/DURATION :
35 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
325 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Skin and Appendages - cutaneous sensitization, experimental (after topical exposure)
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
18 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - excitement Behavioral - changes in motor activity (specific assay) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Ocular
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
100 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - pig
DOSE/DURATION :
30 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
22 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
3 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - chicken
DOSE/DURATION :
362 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - duck
DOSE/DURATION :
199 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - duck
DOSE/DURATION :
600 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Parenteral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Amphibian - frog
DOSE/DURATION :
260 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - turkey
DOSE/DURATION :
250 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - hypermotility, diarrhea
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - turkey
DOSE/DURATION :
375 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - hypermotility, diarrhea
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - turkey
DOSE/DURATION :
20 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - hypermotility, diarrhea
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - turkey
DOSE/DURATION :
12500 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - hypermotility, diarrhea
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - domestic
DOSE/DURATION :
30 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - domestic
DOSE/DURATION :
1 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
608 mg/kg/19W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - other changes Endocrine - hypoglycemia Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - transaminases
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1638 mg/kg/13W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Cardiac - changes in heart weight Liver - changes in liver weight Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
187 mg/kg/30D-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Blood - pigmented or nucleated red blood cells Blood - changes in leukocyte (WBC) count Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - transaminases
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
232 mg/kg/15D-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - changes in lung weight Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain Biochemical - Metabolism (Intermediary) - other proteins
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
13140 mg/kg/2Y-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes Blood - changes in leukocyte (WBC) count Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
3276 mg/kg/13W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - changes in lung weight Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
64 mg/kg/14D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes Biochemical - Metabolism (Intermediary) - lipids including transport Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
400 ug/m3/6H/3W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory depression
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
149 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7-17 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
14 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-3 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - parturition Reproductive - Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea) Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
300 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-3 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants) Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - live birth index (measured after birth)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
14 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-3 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - stillbirth
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
DOSE :
6500 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
7 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 21 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - cardiovascular (circulatory) system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
1163 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
multigeneration
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - female fertility index (e.g. # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
1785 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
multigeneration
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - other postnatal measures or effects
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
DOSE :
30150 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 8-16 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
TYPE OF TEST :
Specific locus test
TYPE OF TEST :
Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction
TYPE OF TEST :
Mutation test systems - not otherwise specified
TYPE OF TEST :
DNA inhibition

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Mutation test systems - not otherwise specified
TEST SYSTEM :
Bird - chicken Liver
DOSE/DURATION :
50 mg/L
REFERENCE :
EJTXAZ European Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Hygiene. (Paris, France) V.7-9, 1974-76. For publisher information, see TOERD9. Volume(issue)/page/year: 8,226,1975 *** REVIEWS *** TOXICOLOGY REVIEW FEPRA7 Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. (Bethesda, MD) V.1-46, 1942-87. Volume(issue)/page/year: 35,89,1976 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW CNDQA8 Cahiers de Nutrition et de Dietetique. (Editions Meteore, 42, rue du Louvre, 75001 Paris, France) V.1- 1966- Volume(issue)/page/year: 10(3),43,1975 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW CRTXB2 CRC Critical Reviews in Toxicology. (CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., NW, Boca Raton, FL 33431) V.1- 1971- Volume(issue)/page/year: 1(1),93,1971 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW DTTIAF Deutsche Tieraerztliche Wochenschrift. (Hanover, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1-77, 1893-1970. Volume(issue)/page/year: 80,485,1973 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW FNSCA6 Forensic Science. (Lausanne, Switzerland) V.1-11, 1972-78. For pub lisher information, see FSINDR. Volume(issue)/page/year: 2,67,1973 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW EVHPAZ EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) No.1- 1972- Volume(issue)/page/year: 15,121,1976 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW AJHPA9 American Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. (American Soc. of Hospital Pharmacists, 4630 Montgomery Ave., Bethesda, MD 20814) V.15- 1958- Volume(issue)/page/year: 35,1368,1978 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW CTOXAO Clinical Toxicology. (New York, NY) V.1-18, 1968-81. For publisher information, see JTCTDW. Volume(issue)/page/year: 14,1,1979 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,7740,1989 OSHA PEL (Gen Indu):8H TWA 0.5 mg/m3 (skin), respirable dust CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1910.1000,1994 OSHA PEL (Construc):8H TWA 0.5 mg/m3 (skin), respirable dust CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1926.55,1994 OSHA PEL (Shipyard):8H TWA 0.5 mg/m3 (skin), respirable dust CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1915.1000,1993 *** OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS *** OEL-DENMARK:TWA 0.1 mg/m3;Skin JAN 1993 OEL-GERMANY:TWA 0.1 mg/m3;Skin JAN 1993 OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 0.1 mg/m3;STEL 0.2 mg/m3;Skin JAN 1993 OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 0.1 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGIH TLV *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 84723 No. of Facilities: 699 (estimated) No. of Industries: 2 No. of Occupations: 3 No. of Employees: 873 (estimated)

 百草枯安全信息

[ 危害码 (欧洲) ]: T+: Very toxic;N: Dangerous for the environment;
[ 风险声明 (欧洲) ]: R24/25;R26;R36/37/38;R48/25;R50/53
[ 安全声明 (欧洲) ]: S22-S28-S36/37/39-S45-S60-S61-S28A
[ 危险品运输编码 ]: UN 2811 6.1/PG 1
[ WGK德国 ]: 3
[ RTECS号 ]: DW2275000
[ 包装等级 ]: II
[ 危险类别 ]: 6.1(a)
[ 海关编码 ]: 2933399022

 百草枯海关

[ 海关编码 ]: 2933399090
[ 中文概述 ]: 2933399090. 其他结构含非稠合吡啶环的化合物. 增值税率:17.0%. 退税率:13.0%. 监管条件:无. 最惠国关税:6.5%. 普通关税:20.0%
[申报要素 ]: 品名, 成分含量, 用途, 乌洛托品请注明外观, 6-己内酰胺请注明外观, 签约日期
[ Summary ]: 2933399090. other compounds containing an unfused pyridine ring (whether or not hydrogenated) in the structure. VAT:17.0%. Tax rebate rate:13.0%. . MFN tariff:6.5%. General tariff:20.0%