Valsartan

Valsartan Structure
Valsartan
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Common Name Valsartan
CAS Number 137862-53-4 Molecular Weight 435.519
Density 1.2±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point 684.9±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Formula C24H29N5O3 Melting Point 116-117°C
MSDS USA Flash Point 368.0±34.3 °C

 Use of Valsartan


Valsartan (CGP-48933) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist for treatment of high blood pressure and heart failure.

 Names

Name valsartan
Synonym More Synonyms

 Valsartan Biological Activity

Description Valsartan (CGP-48933) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist for treatment of high blood pressure and heart failure.
Related Catalog
In Vitro Valsartan is a synthetic non-peptide angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist that dilates blood vessels and reduces blood pressure by blocking the action of angiotensin. Valsartan significantly decreases the expression of AT1R in ageing aorta endothelial cells[1]. The pretreatment of valsartan results in an inhibition of TLR2 signaling and proinflammatory cytokines. The expression of AGTR1 is up-regulated after alcohol exposure, and is blocked by valsartan pretreatment[2].
In Vivo Valsartan significantly attenuates the expression of TGF-β/Smad, Hif-1α and fibrosis-related protein in rats after MI. Heart function, infarcted size, wall thickness as well as myocardial vascularization of ischaemic hearts are also significantly improved by valsartan compared with saline and hydralazine[3]. Valsartan partially reverses the effects of high-salt diet on hypertension, cardiac injuries such as fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration, and inhibition of aquaporin 1 and angiogenic factors; valsartan alone does not exert such effects[4]. Valsartan is an effective antidepressant/antianxiety reagent and can promote the hippocampal neurogenesis and expression of BDNF. Chronic administration of valsartan (5-40 mg/kg/d, p.o.) increases the time spent in the center of the field in OFT and the latency to eat in NSF, reduces the immobility time in both TST and FST, and increases the sucrose preference in SPT[5].
Solvent
In Vitro:

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (229.61 mM)

* "≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

In Vivo: 1.Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.74 mM); Clear solution 2.Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline) Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.74 mM); Clear solution 3.Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.74 mM); Clear solution
Solubility
1 mM 2.2961 mL 11.4805 mL 22.9611 mL
5 mM 0.4592 mL 2.2961 mL 4.5922 mL
10 mM 0.2296 mL 1.1481 mL 2.2961 mL
Animal Admin Rats: Rats are randomly divided into two groups: (i) valsartan-treated group that is given intravenously 3 mg/kg/day valsartan in 0.5 mL normal saline via the vein daily for 1 week; (ii) hydralazine-treated group receiving 0.2 mg/kg/day hydralazine injection in saline; and (iii) control group that receives saline injection in the same way (n=15 for each group)[4]. Mice: Valsartan is dissolved in water containing 0.5% methylcellulose solution. Valsartan (5-40 mg/kg/d) is administered by oral (p.o.) route in a volume of 10 mL/kg body weight using the gavage technique. Potential alteration in blood pressure in response to chronic treatment with valsartan is assessed with a commercial blood pressure analysis systemdesigned. The mice are trained for at least 2 consecutive days to adapt to the apparatus before the study is initiated. To record the blood pressure, the mice are placed on a heated pad (35°C) and measured with a programmable tail-cuff sphygmomanometer in steady state. The average of 10 readings from each mouse is recorded[5].
Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Shipping Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere
SMILES CC(C)[C@@H](C(O)=O)N(C(CCCC)=O)CC1=CC=C(C2=CC=CC=C2C3=NNN=N3)C=C1
References

[1]. Shan H, et al. Valsartan ameliorates ageing-induced aorta degeneration via angiotensin II type 1 receptor-mediated ERK activity. J Cell Mol Med. 2014 Jun;18(6):1071-80.

[2]. Wang Y, et al. Valsartan blocked alcohol-induced, Toll-like receptor 2 signaling-mediated inflammation in human vascular endothelial cells. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Oct;38(10):2529-40.

[3]. Sui X, et al. Novel mechanism of cardiac protection by valsartan: synergetic roles of TGF-β1 and HIF-1α in Ang II-mediated fibrosis after myocardial infarction. J Cell Mol Med. 2015 Aug;19(8):1773-82.

[4]. Jiang Y, et al. Cardioprotective effect of valsartan in mice with short-term high-salt diet by regulating cardiac aquaporin 1 and angiogenic factor expression. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2015 Jul-Aug;24(4):224-9.

[5]. Ping G, et al. Valsartan reverses depressive/anxiety-like behavior and induces hippocampal neurogenesis and expression of BDNF protein in unpredictable chronic mild stress mice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2014 Sep;124:5-12.

Related Molecules Angiotensin II | AVE 0991 | A 779 | Tranilast | PD 123319 ditrifluoroacetate | Telmisartan | Angiotensin II Receptor Ligand | LCZ696 | EMA401 | Fimasartan | Angiotensin Acetate | Sparsentan | C-Type Natriuretic Peptide (CNP) (1-22), human
Related Doc

SDS |COA |HNMR |LCMS

*The above documents are provided by Medchemexpress and are for scientific research only.

 Chemical & Physical Properties

Density 1.2±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 684.9±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Melting Point 116-117°C
Molecular Formula C24H29N5O3
Molecular Weight 435.519
Flash Point 368.0±34.3 °C
Exact Mass 435.227051
PSA 112.07000
LogP 4.75
Vapour Pressure 0.0±2.2 mmHg at 25°C
Index of Refraction 1.587
Storage condition -20°C Freezer, Under inert atmosphere
Stability Hygroscopic

 Safety Information

Hazard Statements H413
Hazard Codes Xi
Risk Phrases 36/37/38
Safety Phrases S26-S36
RIDADR NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 3
HS Code 2933990090

 Synthetic Route

 Customs

HS Code 2933990090
Summary 2933990090. heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen hetero-atom(s) only. VAT:17.0%. Tax rebate rate:13.0%. . MFN tariff:6.5%. General tariff:20.0%

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 Synonyms

Valsartan
(S)-N-(1-Carboxy-2-methylprop-1-yl)-N-pentanoyl-N-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-biphenyl-4-ylmethyl]amine
N-Pentanoyl-N-{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-4-biphenylyl]methyl}-L-valine
N-Pentanoyl-N-{[2'-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl}-L-valine
N-Pentanoyl-N-{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl}-L-valine
N-Valeryl-N-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-ylmethyl]-L-valine
N-Pentanoyl-N-{[2'-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)-4-biphenylyl]methyl}valine
N-(1-Oxopentyl)-N-[[2'-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl]methyl]-L-valine
(2S)-3-Methyl-2-(pentanoyl{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl}amino)butanoic acid
N-[p-(o-1H-Tetrazol-5-ylphenyl)benzyl]-N-valeryl-L-valine
3-Methyl-2-[pentanoyl-[[4-[2-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl]phenyl]methyl]amino]-butanoic acid
Nisis
N-Pentanoyl-N-{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl}-L-valin
(2S)-3-Methyl-2-(pentanoyl{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-4-biphenylyl]methyl}amino)butanoic acid
Valsratan
N-(1-Oxopentyl)-N-[[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl]methyl]-L-valine
Valine, N-(1-oxopentyl)-N-[[2'-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl]methyl]-
Tareg
DIOVAN
L-Valine, N-(1-oxopentyl)-N-[[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl]methyl]-
Valsartane
Valsartan API
(S)-2-(N-((2'-(1H-Tetrazol-5-yl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)methyl)pentanamido)-3-methylbutanoic acid
L-Valsartan
MFCD00865840
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