阿莫西林

常用名 阿莫西林 英文名 Amoxycillin
CAS号 26787-78-0 分子量 365.404
密度 1.6±0.1 g/cm3 沸点 701.8±70.0 °C at 760 mmHg
分子式 C16H19N3O5S 熔点 N/A
MSDS阿莫西林的MSDS|SDS|pdf下载 中文版 美版 闪点 378.2±35.7 °C
符号 GHS08
GHS08
信号词 Danger

 阿莫西林用途


【用途一】
可作为广谱半合成青霉素。临床上用于治疗扁桃体炎、喉炎、肺炎、慢性支气管炎、泌尿系统感染、皮肤软组织感染、化脓性胸膜炎、肝胆系统感染、败血症、伤寒、痢疾等。该品为抗菌谱药物,其作用及应用均与氯苄青霉素相似,优点为血清蛋白结合率低,且血浓度比氨苄青霉素高两倍以上。羟氨苄青霉素是一种疗效较好、安全有效和药物。由英国比彻姆(Beecham)公司于1968年开发研制。

 阿莫西林名称

[ 中文名 ]: 阿莫西林
[ 英文名 ]: amoxicillin
[中文别名 ]: 阿莫林
(2S,5R,6R)-3,3-二甲基-6-[(R)-(-)-2-氨基-2-(4-羟基苯基)乙酰氨基]-7-氧代-4-硫杂-1-氮杂双环[3.2.0]庚烷-2-甲酸
[英文别名 ]: Intermox
Lamoxy
A-Gram
Novenzymin
Amoxin
Amoxtrex
AMOX
Amoxa
Imaxilin
Uro-clamoxyl
Imox
Rancil
Moxylin
Ampidroxyl
MOx
Excillin
Tolodina
[2S-[2a,5a,6b(S*)]]-6-[[Amino(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetyl]amino]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic Acid
Protexillin
Samosillin
Amoxy
Bridopen
Ranmoxy
Grunamox
4-Thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid, 6-[[(2R)-2-amino-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetyl]amino]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-, (2S,5R,6R)-
Jerramcil
Kamoxin
Amoxaren
Zamocillin
Damoxicil
Zamocilline
Larocilin
Cilamox
Amoxy-diolan
Rhamoxilina
Zerrsox
Amoxicillin
Limox
Agerpen
Pasetocin
4-Thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid, 6-[[(1E,2R)-2-amino-1-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethylidene]amino]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-, (2S,5R,6R)-
Gomcillin
Amoxal
Gemox
(2S,5R,6R)-6-{(E)-[(2R)-2-Amino-1-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethylidene]amino}-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid
Sigmopen
Amoxine
Comoxyl
Moxaline
Zimox
amoxil
Bioxidona
blp1410
Amoxi-Diolan
Eupen
Alphamox
Azillin
6-[D(-)-a-Amino-p-hydroxyphenylacetamido]penicillanic Acid
Zamox
Amoxina
Amagesen Solutab
Amoxi-basan
Amoxidal
Amoxillat
Suramox PM
amolin
Amoxisol
Amoxicillin-ratiopharm
Simplamox
Draximox
Amoxihexal
[2S,5R,6R]-6-[[[2R]-Amino[4-hydroxyphenyl]acetyl]amino]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic Acid
Optium
Moxlin
Virgoxillin
Trimox
Mopen
EINECS 248-003-8
Clamox
a-Amino-p-hydroxybenzylpenicillin
Amoxibiotic
Meixil
Hipen
Galenamox
Moxilen
Amoxipenil
Farconcil
Rocillin
Amosine
Gimalxina
Ciblor
Zamoxil
Anemol
α-Amino-p-hydroxybenzylpenicillin
Bioxyllin
PENSYN
Triafamox
Moxarin
amoxi
Morgenxil
Amoran
Moxyvit
Grinsul
p-Hydroxyampicillin
Amophar
Amopen
Amodex
(2S,5R,6R)-6-{[(2R)-2-Amino-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetyl]amino}-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid
Moxypen
Reloxyl
MFCD00072029
Apo-Amoxi
Efpinex
Ikamoxil
Amoxi-wolff
Sil-A-mox
Audumic
Alfamox
Bimox
Fullcilina
Ospamox
Triamoxil
Teramoxyl
Matasedrin
Penbiosyn
Ronemox
Amoxivan
Fisamox
Moxcil
Amoxillin
Winmox
Amcill
Amoxapen
Amoxipen
Pamoxicillin
Amo-flamsian
Abdimox
Biomox
Novabritine
Himinomax
Pacetocin
Posmox
6-(p-Hydroxy-α-aminophenylacetamido)penicillanic acid
Novamoxin
Yisulon
Ranoxyl
Sintopen
Isimoxin
Acimox
Amoxcillin
Samthongcillin
Bintamox
Velamox
Gramidil
clavulanate
Twicyl
Adbiotin
6-(p-Hydroxy-a-aminophenylacetamido)penicillanic Acid
Majorpen
Saltermox
Sia-mox
Izoltil
Amoflux
Utimox
Flemoxine
Imoxil
Paradroxil
Foxolin
Hidramox
Pamocil
Specillin
Kentrocyllin
Senox
Actimoxi
Trilaxin
Superpeni
amoxycillin
(-)-6-[2-Amino-2-(p-hydroxyphenyl)acetamido]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic Acid
Bactamox
Medimox
Sawamezin
Dura AX
Maxcil
Apitart
Coamoxin
Hosboral
sumox

 阿莫西林物理化学性质

[ 密度 ]: 1.6±0.1 g/cm3
[ 沸点 ]: 701.8±70.0 °C at 760 mmHg
[ 分子式 ]: C16H19N3O5S
[ 分子量 ]: 365.404
[ 闪点 ]: 378.2±35.7 °C
[ 精确质量 ]: 365.104553
[ PSA ]: 158.26000
[ LogP ]: 0.92
[ 外观性状 ]: 固体
[ 蒸汽压 ]: 0.0±2.3 mmHg at 25°C
[ 折射率 ]: 1.745

 阿莫西林毒性和生态

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
XH8300000
CHEMICAL NAME :
4-Thia-1-azabicyclo(3.2.0)heptane-2-carboxylic acid, 6-((amino(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetyl) amino)-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
26787-78-0
LAST UPDATED :
199603
DATA ITEMS CITED :
12
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C16-H19-N3-O5-S
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
365.44
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
T45 ANV ESTJ CMVYZR DQ& F1 F1 GVQ

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
40 mg/kg/4D
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - hypermotility, diarrhea Gastrointestinal - other changes
REFERENCE :
LANCAO Lancet. (7 Adam St., London WC2N 6AD, UK) V.1- 1823- Volume(issue)/page/year: 2,707,1978
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - child
DOSE/DURATION :
682 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis) Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - urine volume decreased Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - hematuria
REFERENCE :
CPEDAM Clinical Pediatrics (Philadelphia). (Lippincott/Harper, Journal Fulfillment Dept., 2350 Virginia Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21740) V.1- 1962- Volume(issue)/page/year: 32,735,1993
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - child
DOSE/DURATION :
300 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis) Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - hematuria Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes in urine composition
REFERENCE :
CPEDAM Clinical Pediatrics (Philadelphia). (Lippincott/Harper, Journal Fulfillment Dept., 2350 Virginia Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21740) V.1- 1962- Volume(issue)/page/year: 32,735,1993
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
>15 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
NIIRDN Drugs in Japan (Ethical Drugs). (Yakugyo Jiho Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,38,1982
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2870 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
NIIRDN Drugs in Japan (Ethical Drugs). (Yakugyo Jiho Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) Volume(issue)/page/year: -,59,1990
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
>8 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
NIIRDN Drugs in Japan (Ethical Drugs). (Yakugyo Jiho Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) Volume(issue)/page/year: -,59,1990
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
>25 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
NIIRDN Drugs in Japan (Ethical Drugs). (Yakugyo Jiho Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,38,1982
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
3590 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
NIIRDN Drugs in Japan (Ethical Drugs). (Yakugyo Jiho Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) Volume(issue)/page/year: -,59,1990
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
>20 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
NIIRDN Drugs in Japan (Ethical Drugs). (Yakugyo Jiho Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) Volume(issue)/page/year: -,59,1990
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intracerebral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
>500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Brain and Coverings - recordings from specific areas of CNS
REFERENCE :
CHTHBK Chemotherapy (Basel). (S. Karger Pub., Inc., 79 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10003) V.13- 1968- Volume(issue)/page/year: 26,196,1980 ** REPRODUCTIVE DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
DOSE :
3 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7-12 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
REFERENCE :
AGSREJ Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research. (Arab Bureau of Education for the Gulf States, POB 3908, Riyadh, 11481, Saudi Arabia) V.7 No.2- 1989- Volume(issue)/page/year: 12,133,1994 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - X3562 No. of Facilities: 921 (estimated) No. of Industries: 3 No. of Occupations: 11 No. of Employees: 24519 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 10563 (estimated)

 阿莫西林安全信息

[ 符号 ]: GHS08
GHS08
[ 信号词 ]: Danger
[ 危害声明 ]: H317-H334
[ 警示性声明 ]: P261-P280-P342 + P311
[ 个人防护装备 ]: dust mask type N95 (US);Eyeshields;Faceshields;Gloves
[ 危害码 (欧洲) ]: Xn:Harmful
[ 风险声明 (欧洲) ]: R42/43
[ 安全声明 (欧洲) ]: S22-S36/37
[ 危险品运输编码 ]: NONH for all modes of transport
[ RTECS号 ]: XH8300000
[ 海关编码 ]: 2941109200

 阿莫西林合成线路

~%

文献:Antibioticos Patent: US4193918 A1, 1980 ;

~%

文献:Novo Industri A/S Patent: US4202817 A1, 1980 ;

~%

详细
文献:Antibioticos Patent: US4193918 A1, 1980 ;

~%

文献:Cerqueira Pereira, Sandra; Lima Camargo Giordano, Raquel; De Campos Giordano, Roberto; Bussamara, Roberta; Marin, Graciane; Dupont, Jairton Green Chemistry, 2012 , vol. 14, # 11 p. 3146 - 3156,11 Title/Abstract Full Text Show Details Cerqueira Pereira, Sandra; Bussamara, Roberta; Marin, Graciane; Lima Camargo Giordano, Raquel; Dupont, Jairton; De Campos Giordano, Roberto Green Chemistry, 2012 , vol. 14, # 11 p. 3146 - 3156

~%

文献:Chou, Jui-Ming; Pao, Li-Heng; SYNMOSA BIOPHARMA CORPORATION Patent: US2011/160156 A1, 2011 ;

~%

文献:Chou, Jui-Ming; Pao, Li-Heng; SYNMOSA BIOPHARMA CORPORATION Patent: US2011/160156 A1, 2011 ;

~%

文献:Antibioticos Patent: US4193918 A1, 1980 ;

~%

文献:Chou, Jui-Ming; Pao, Li-Heng; SYNMOSA BIOPHARMA CORPORATION Patent: US2011/160156 A1, 2011 ;

~%

文献:Kato; Kawahara; Takahashi; Igarasi Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 1980 , vol. 44, # 4 p. 821 - 825

~%

文献:Antibioticos Patent: US4193918 A1, 1980 ;

~%

文献:Brugging, Alle; Roos, Eric C.; De Vroom, Erik Organic Process Research and Development, 1998 , vol. 2, # 2 p. 128 - 133

 阿莫西林制备

【方法一】
由6-APA与N-(3-乙氧羰基-1-甲基乙烯基)对羟基苯甘氨酸钠盐经缩合而得。6-APA是生产各种半合成青霉素的重要原料。目前工业上大采用微生物产生的青霉素酰胺酶裂解天然青霉素(青霉素G或青霉素V)的办法来制取。

 阿莫西林海关

[ 海关编码 ]: 2941109200

 阿莫西林文献364

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