丙二醇

常用名 丙二醇 英文名 Propylene Glycol
CAS号 57-55-6 分子量 76.094
密度 1.0±0.1 g/cm3 沸点 184.8±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
分子式 C3H8O2 熔点 -60ºC
MSDS丙二醇的MSDS|SDS|pdf下载 中文版 美版 闪点 107.2±0.0 °C

 丙二醇用途


1.丙二醇是不饱和聚酯、环氧树脂、聚氨酯树脂、增塑剂、表面活性剂的重要原料,这方面的用量约占丙二醇总消费量的45%左右,这种不饱和聚酯大量用于表面涂料和增强塑料。丙二醇的粘性和吸湿性好,并且无毒,因而在食品、医药和化妆品工业中广泛用作吸湿剂、抗冻剂、润滑剂和溶剂。在食品工业中,丙二醇和脂肪酸反应生成丙二醇脂肪酸酯,主要用作食品乳化剂;丙二醇是调味品和色素的优良溶剂。由于毒性低,在食品工业中用作香料、食用色素的溶剂。丙二醇在医药工业中常用作制造各类软膏、油膏的溶剂、软化剂和赋形剂等,在医药工业中用作调合剂、防腐剂、软膏、维生素、青霉素等的溶剂。由于丙二醇与各类香料具有较好互溶性,因而也用作化妆品的溶剂和软化剂等等。丙二醇还用作烟草增湿剂、防霉剂,食品加工设备润滑油和食品标记油墨的溶剂。丙二醇的水溶液是有效的抗冻剂。也用作烟草润湿剂、防霉剂、水果催熟防腐剂、防冻液和热载体等。

2.用于有机合成,用作溶剂、脱水剂、增塑剂、抗冻剂、气相色 谱 固定液。

3.常用的有机合成原料,用于制造不饱和聚酯树脂。也可用作乳化剂、防腐剂、防冻剂。还用于制造醇酸树脂、聚丙二醇、增塑剂、表面活性剂及润滑剂等。由于具有吸湿性好、毒性低的特点,在医药工业中用作调和剂、防腐剂、软膏、油膏、药丸及维生素等的溶剂,也用作软化剂及赋形剂。在食品工业中用作香料、调味品及食用色素的溶剂。还用作烟草增湿剂、防霉剂、水果催熟防腐剂、涂料成膜助剂、防冻剂及传热介质等。也常作为乙醇和甘油的代用品,在牙膏、化妆品中可与甘油或山梨醇配合用作润湿剂。

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 丙二醇名称

[ 中文名 ]: 1,2-丙二醇
[ 英文名 ]: propane-1,2-diol
[中文别名 ]: 1,2-二羟基丙烷
丙二醇
[英文别名 ]: EINECS 200-338-0
MFCD00064272
1,2-Propanediol

 丙二醇物理化学性质

[ 密度 ]: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
[ 沸点 ]: 184.8±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
[ 熔点 ]: -60ºC
[ 分子式 ]: C3H8O2
[ 分子量 ]: 76.094
[ 闪点 ]: 107.2±0.0 °C
[ 精确质量 ]: 76.052429
[ PSA ]: 40.46000
[ LogP ]: -1.34
[ 外观性状 ]: 透明粘性液体
[ 蒸汽压 ]: 0.2±0.8 mmHg at 25°C
[ 折射率 ]: 1.430
[ 储存条件 ]:

1.本品应密封于阴凉干燥处保存。远离火种、热源。可用铁、软钢、铜、锡、不锈钢制容器或经树脂涂覆的容器贮存。

2.本品虽不会自燃,但属可燃物。长期存放不变质,但开口则吸潮。贮存和运输容器宜选用镀锌铁桶、铝材或不锈钢制造的。按一般低毒化学品规定贮运。


[ 稳定性 ]:

1.可燃性液体。有吸湿性,对金属不腐蚀。与二元酸反应生成聚酯,与硝酸反应生成硝酸酯,与盐酸作用生成氯代醇。与稀硫酸在170℃加热转变成丙醛。用硝酸或铬酸氧化生成羟基乙酸、草酸、乙酸等。与醛反应生成缩醛。1,2-丙二醇脱水生成氧化丙烯或聚乙二醇。

2.毒性和刺激性都非常小,迄今尚未发现受害者。大鼠静脉注射和腹腔注射LD507000~8000mg/kg,经口LD502800mg/kg。但也有报道,当添加在食品和饮料中一次服用量过高时,有引起致命的假寐和肾脏障碍的危险。

3.存在于烟叶、烟气中。
 

[ 分子结构 ]:

1、 摩尔折射率:18.97

2、 摩尔体积(cm3/mol):73.4

3、 等张比容(90.2K):182.3

4、 表面张力(dyne/cm):38.0

5、 极化率(10-24cm3):7.52

[ 计算化学 ]:

1.疏水参数计算参考值(XlogP):无

2.氢键供体数量:2

3.氢键受体数量:2

4.可旋转化学键数量:1

5.互变异构体数量:无

6.拓扑分子极性表面积40.5

7.重原子数量:5

8.表面电荷:0

9.复杂度:20.9

10.同位素原子数量:0

11.确定原子立构中心数量:0

12.不确定原子立构中心数量:1

13.确定化学键立构中心数量:0

14.不确定化学键立构中心数量:0

15.共价键单元数量:1

[ 更多 ]:

1. 性状:无色黏稠稳定的吸水性液体,几乎无味无臭,易燃,低毒。

2. 沸点(ºC,101.3kPa):187.3

3. 熔点(ºC,流动点):-60

4. 相对密度(g/mL,20/20ºC):1.0381

5. 相对密度(20℃,4℃):1.0362

6. 折射率(n20ºC):1.4329

7. 黏度(mPa·s,0ºC):243

8. 黏度(mPa·s,20ºC):56.0

9. 黏度(mPa·s,40ºC):18

10. 闪点(ºC,闭口):98.9

11. 闪点(ºC,开口):107

12. 燃点(ºC):421.1

13. 燃烧热(KJ/mol,定压):1827.5

14. 燃烧热(KJ/mol,定容):1825.0

15. 燃烧热(KJ/mol,20ºC,101.3kPa):1853.1

16. 蒸发热(KJ/kg):538.1

17. 生成热(KJ/mol,20ºC):500.3

18. 比热容(KJ/(kg·K),20ºC,定压):2.48

19. 临界温度(ºC):351

20. 临界压力(MPa):5.9

21. 热导率(W/(m·K)):0.217714

22. 爆炸下限(%,V/V):2.6

23. 爆炸上限(%,V/V):12.5

24. 体膨胀系数(K-1,20ºC):0.000695

25. 体膨胀系数(K-1,55ºC):0.000743

26. 蒸气压(kPa,55ºC):0.19

27. 溶解性:能与水、乙醇、乙醚、氯仿、丙酮等多种有机溶剂混溶。对烃类、氯代烃、油脂的溶解度虽小,但比乙二醇的溶解能力强。

28. 相对密度(25℃,4℃):1.0328

29. 常温折射率(n25):1.4314

30. 溶度参数(J·cm-3)0.5:29.516

31. van der Waals面积(cm2·mol-1):6.960×109

32. van der Waals体积(cm3·mol-1):46.760

33. 气相标准燃烧热(焓)(kJ·mol-1):-1902.55

34. 气相标准声称热(焓)( kJ·mol-1) :-421.29

35. 液相标准燃烧热(焓)(kJ·mol-1):-1838.14

36. 液相标准声称热(焓)( kJ·mol-1):-485.72

37. 液相标准热熔(J·mol-1·K-1):189.9

 丙二醇MSDS

第一部分:化学品名称
化学品中文名称: 1,2-丙二醇
化学品英文名称: 1,2-Propanediol;Methylglyeol
中文俗名或商品名:
Synonyms:
CAS No.: 57-55-6
分子式: C3H8O2
分子量: 76.1
第二部分:成分/组成信息
纯化学品混合物
化学品名称:1,2-丙二醇
有害物成分 含量 CAS No.
1,2-丙二醇 100 57-55-6
第三部分:危险性概述
危险性类别:
侵入途径: 吸入 食入
健康危害: 皮肤接触,因失水可引起局部原发性刺激。对眼有损害。未见中毒病例报道。
环境危害:
燃爆危险: 本品可燃,具刺激性。
第四部分:急救措施
皮肤接触: 脱去污染的衣着,用大量流动清水彻底冲洗。
眼睛接触: 立即翻开上下眼睑,用流动清水或生理盐水冲洗。
吸入: 脱离现场至空气新鲜处。就医。
食入: 给饮足量温水,催吐,就医。
第五部分:消防措施
危险特性: 遇明火、高热或与氧化剂接触,有引起燃烧爆炸的危险。
有害燃烧产物: 一氧化碳、二氧化碳。
灭火方法及灭火剂: 雾状水、泡沫、二氧化碳、干粉、砂土。
消防员的个体防护: 消防人员须佩戴防毒面具、穿全身消防服,在上风向灭火。
禁止使用的灭火剂:
闪点(℃): 99
自燃温度(℃): 引燃温度(℃):371
爆炸下限[%(V/V)]: 2.6
爆炸上限[%(V/V)]: 12.6
最小点火能(mJ):
爆燃点:
爆速:
最大燃爆压力(MPa):
建规火险分级:
第六部分:泄漏应急处理
应急处理: 切断火源。戴好防毒面具,穿一般消防防护服。用大量水冲洗,经稀释的洗液放入废水系统。如大量泄漏,利用围堤收容,然后收集、转移、回收或无害处理后废弃。
第七部分:操作处置与储存
操作注意事项: 密闭操作,全面通风。操作人员必须经过专门培训,严格遵守操作规程。建议操作人员佩戴自吸过滤式防毒面具(半面罩),戴化学安全防护眼镜,穿防毒物渗透工作服,戴橡胶手套。远离火种、热源,工作场所严禁吸烟。使用防爆型的通风系统和设备。防止蒸气泄漏到工作场所空气中。避免与氧化剂、还原剂接触。搬运时要轻装轻卸,防止包装及容器损坏。配备相应品种和数量的消防器材及泄漏应急处理设备。倒空的容器可能残留有害物。
储存注意事项: 储存于阴凉、通风的库房。远离火种、热源。应与氧化剂、还原剂等分开存放,切忌混储。配备相应品种和数量的消防器材。储区应备有泄漏应急处理设备和合适的收容材料。
第八部分:接触控制/个体防护
最高容许浓度: 中 国 MAC:未制订标准前苏联MAC:7mg/m3 美国TLV—TWA:未制订标准美
监测方法:
工程控制: 生产过程密闭,全面通风。
呼吸系统防护: 高浓度接触时,应该佩戴防毒面具。
眼睛防护: 戴化学安全防护眼镜。
身体防护: 穿工作服。
手防护: 必要时戴防化学品手套。
其他防护: 工作现场严禁吸烟。避免长期反复接触。定期体检。注意个人清洁卫生。
第九部分:理化特性
外观与性状: 无色、有苦味、略粘稠吸湿的液体。
pH:
熔点(℃): -59
沸点(℃): 187.2
相对密度(水=1): 1.04(25℃)
相对蒸气密度(空气=1): 2.62
饱和蒸气压(kPa): 0.02(25℃)
燃烧热(kJ/mol):
临界温度(℃):
临界压力(MPa):
辛醇/水分配系数的对数值:
闪点(℃): 99
引燃温度(℃): 引燃温度(℃):371
爆炸上限%(V/V): 12.6
爆炸下限%(V/V): 2.6
分子式: C3H8O2
分子量: 76.1
蒸发速率:
粘性:
溶解性: 与水混溶,可混溶于乙醇、乙醚、多数有机溶剂。
主要用途: 用于生产防冻剂、热交换剂树脂和二醇衍生物,还用作溶剂、增塑剂和湿润剂等。
第十部分:稳定性和反应活性
稳定性: 在常温常压下 稳定
禁配物: 酰基氯、酸酐、氧化剂、还原剂。
避免接触的条件:
聚合危害: 不能出现
分解产物: 一氧化碳、二氧化碳。
第十一部分:毒理学资料
急性毒性: LD50:21000~32200mg/kg(大鼠经口);22000mg/kg(小鼠经口) LC50:
急性中毒:
慢性中毒:
亚急性和慢性毒性:
刺激性:
致敏性:
致突变性:
致畸性:
致癌性:
第十二部分:生态学资料
生态毒理毒性:
生物降解性:
非生物降解性:
生物富集或生物积累性:
第十三部分:废弃处置
废弃物性质:
废弃处置方法: 处置前应参阅国家和地方有关法规。建议用焚烧法处置。
废弃注意事项:
第十四部分:运输信息
危险货物编号:
UN编号:
包装标志:
包装类别:
包装方法:
运输注意事项: 运输前应先检查包装容器是否完整、密封,运输过程中要确保容器不泄漏、不倒塌、不坠落、不损坏。严禁与氧化剂、还原剂、食用化学品等混装混运。运输车船必须彻底清洗、消毒,否则不得装运其它物品。船运时,配装位置应远离卧室、厨房,并与机舱、电源、火源等部位隔离。公路运输时要按规定路线行驶。
RETCS号:
IMDG规则页码:
第十五部分:法规信息
国内化学品安全管理法规: 化学危险物品安全管理条例 (1987年2月17日国务院发布),化学危险物品安全管理条例实施细则 (化劳发[1992] 677号),工作场所安全使用化学品规定 ([1996]劳部发423号)等法规,针对化学危险品的安全使用、生产、储存、运输、装卸等方面均作了相应规定。
国际化学品安全管理法规:
第十六部分:其他信息
参考文献: 1.周国泰,化学危险品安全技术全书,化学工业出版社,1997 2.国家环保局有毒化学品管理办公室、北京化工研究院合编,化学品毒性法规环境数据手册,中国环境科学出版社.1992 3.Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety,CHEMINFO Database.1998 4.Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, RTECS Database, 1989
填表时间: 年月日
填表部门:
数据审核单位:
修改说明:
其他信息: 3
MSDS修改日期: 年月日

 丙二醇毒性和生态

丙二醇毒理学数据: 1、毒性分级 低毒 2、急性毒性口服- 大鼠 LD50: 20000 毫克/ 公斤; 口服- 小鼠 LC50: 32000 毫克/ 公斤。 3、刺激数据眼睛 -兔子 100 毫克 轻度 4、属低毒类。毒性和刺激性都很小。大鼠经口LD50为32.5mL/kg。但有溶血性,不宜用于静脉注射。把它添加到食品和饮料中时,和乙二醇一样,有引起肾脏障碍的危险。因此有些国家已禁止在食品工业中使用。

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
TY2000000
CHEMICAL NAME :
1,2-Propanediol
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
57-55-6
BEILSTEIN REFERENCE NO. :
1340498
LAST UPDATED :
199712
DATA ITEMS CITED :
42
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C3-H8-O2
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
76.11
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
QY1&1Q

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - child
DOSE/DURATION :
79 gm/kg/56W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Brain and Coverings - changes in surface EEG Behavioral - general anesthetic Behavioral - convulsions or effect on seizure threshold
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Parenteral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - infant
DOSE/DURATION :
10 gm/kg/3D-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
20 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
6660 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
22500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
6423 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
14 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
22 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
9718 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - chronic pulmonary edema Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in both tubules and glomeruli Blood - changes in spleen
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
17370 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - changes in motor activity (specific assay) Behavioral - muscle contraction or spasticity Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - cyanosis
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
6630 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
22 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
26 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
18500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
20800 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
6500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
6300 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - coma Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory stimulation
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
18350 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
15500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - chicken
DOSE/DURATION :
27 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Vascular - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - quail
DOSE/DURATION :
>2080 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2180 mg/m3/6H/90D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - food intake (animal) Endocrine - changes in spleen weight Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - dehydrogenases
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
DOSE :
100 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 11 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
DOSE :
100 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus)
TYPE OF TEST :
DNA inhibition
TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis
TEST SYSTEM :
Rodent - hamster Fibroblast
DOSE/DURATION :
32 gm/L
REFERENCE :
FCTOD7 Food and Chemical Toxicology. (Pergamon Press Inc., Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10523) V.20- 1982- Volume(issue)/page/year: 22,623,1984 *** REVIEWS *** TOXICOLOGY REVIEW AJMEAZ American Journal of Medicine. (Technical Pub., 875 Third Ave., New York, NY 10022) V.1- 1946- Volume(issue)/page/year: 38,409,1965 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,7740,1989 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 63525 No. of Facilities: 83144 (estimated) No. of Industries: 323 No. of Occupations: 224 No. of Employees: 1494465 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 63525 No. of Facilities: 92966 (estimated) No. of Industries: 347 No. of Occupations: 244 No. of Employees: 2238429 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 936584 (estimated)

 丙二醇安全信息

[ 个人防护装备 ]: Eyeshields;Gloves
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[ 危险品运输编码 ]: NONH for all modes of transport
[ RTECS号 ]: TY2000000
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