acetone

acetone Structure
acetone
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Common Name acetone
CAS Number 67-64-1 Molecular Weight 58.079
Density 0.8±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point 46.5±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Formula C3H6O Melting Point -94 °C(lit.)
MSDSacetone MSDS|SDS|pdf download Chinese USA Flash Point -17.2±0.0 °C
Symbol GHS02 GHS07
GHS02, GHS07
Signal Word Danger

Controlled Substances:Psychoactive Drugs/Narcotic Drugs/Hypertoxic Chemicals/Non-Medical Use of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances


 Names

[ Name ]: acetone
[ Synonym ]: More Synonyms

 Chemical & Physical Properties

[ Density ]: 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
[ Boiling Point ]: 46.5±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
[ Melting Point ]: -94 °C(lit.)
[ Molecular Formula ]: C3H6O
[ Molecular Weight ]: 58.079
[ Flash Point ]: -17.2±0.0 °C
[ Exact Mass ]: 58.041866
[ PSA ]: 17.07000
[ LogP ]: -0.16
[ Vapour density ]: 2 (vs air)
[ Vapour Pressure ]: 348.4±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
[ Index of Refraction ]: 1.345
[ Water Solubility ]: soluble

 Toxicological Information

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
AL3150000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Acetone
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
67-64-1
LAST UPDATED :
199801
DATA ITEMS CITED :
80
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C3-H6-O
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
58.09
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
1V1

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
TYPE OF TEST :
Open irritation test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
2857 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - coma Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
2857 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - coma Biochemical - Metabolism (Intermediary) - other
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
440 ug/m3/6M
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Brain and Coverings - recordings from specific areas of CNS
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
10 mg/m3/6H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Biochemical - Metabolism (Intermediary) - other carbohydrates
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
DOSE/DURATION :
500 ppm
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise specified Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - conjunctive irritation Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
12000 ppm/4H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - nausea or vomiting Behavioral - muscle weakness
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
1159 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
5800 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - altered sleep time (including change in righting reflex) Behavioral - tremor
TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
50100 mg/m3/8H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - general anesthetic Behavioral - muscle weakness Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - renal function tests depressed
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
5500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
3 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
44 gm/m3/4H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
1297 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
4 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
8 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - ataxia Behavioral - coma Musculoskeletal - joints
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
8 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - coma Gastrointestinal - alteration in gastric secretion
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
5 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
5340 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
20 mL/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
1576 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - muscle contraction or spasticity Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory depression
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
>9400 uL/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
5 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
273 gm/kg/13W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - changes in liver weight Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in bladder weight Blood - normocytic anemia
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
19000 ppm/3H/8W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Brain and Coverings - changes in brain weight
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
199 mg/m3/8H/45D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - muscle contraction or spasticity
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
546 gm/kg/13W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - changes in liver weight Endocrine - changes in spleen weight
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
273 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 13 week(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count)
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
DOSE :
31500 ug/m3/24H
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-13 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis
TEST SYSTEM :
Rodent - hamster Fibroblast
REFERENCE :
FCTOD7 Food and Chemical Toxicology. (Pergamon Press Inc., Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10523) V.20- 1982- Volume(issue)/page/year: 22,623,1984 *** REVIEWS *** ACGIH TLV-Not classifiable as a human carcinogen DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 ACGIH TLV-STEL 1782 mg/m3 (750 ppm) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 ACGIH TLV-TWA 1188 mg/m3 (500 ppm) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,7740,1989 MSHA STANDARD-air:TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,3,1971 OSHA PEL (Gen Indu):8H TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1910.1000,1994 OSHA PEL (Construc):8H TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1926.55,1994 OSHA PEL (Shipyard):8H TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1915.1000,1993 OSHA PEL (Fed Cont):8H TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 41,50-204.50,1994 *** OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS *** OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 500 ppm (1185 mg/m3);STEL 1000 ppm JAN 1993 OEL-AUSTRIA:TWA 750 ppm (1780 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 750 ppm (1780 mg/m3);STEL 1000 ppm JAN 1993 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 250 ppm (600 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-FINLAND:TWA 500 ppm (1200 mg/m3);STEL 625 ppm (1500 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-FRANCE:TWA 750 ppm (1800 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-GERMANY:TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 600 mg/m3;STEL 1200 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-INDIA:TWA 750 ppm (1780 mg/m3);STEL 1000 ppm (2375 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-JAPAN:TWA 200 ppm (470 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 750 ppm (1780 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-POLAND:TWA 200 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 200 ppm;STEL 200 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 250 ppm (600 mg/m3);STEL 500 ppm (1200 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 750 ppm (1780 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-TURKEY:TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3);STEL 1250 ppm JAN 1993 OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGIH TLV *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LEVEL (REL) : NIOSH REL TO ACETONE-air:10H TWA 250 ppm REFERENCE : NIOSH* National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda. Volume(issue)/page/year: DHHS #92-100,1992 NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 02820 No. of Facilities: 99713 (estimated) No. of Industries: 350 No. of Occupations: 188 No. of Employees: 1287794 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 02820 No. of Facilities: 97342 (estimated) No. of Industries: 358 No. of Occupations: 215 No. of Employees: 1740164 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 540313 (estimated)

 Safety Information

[ Symbol ]: GHS02 GHS07
GHS02, GHS07
[ Signal Word ]: Danger
[ Hazard Statements ]: H225-H319-H336
[ Supplemental HS ]: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
[ Precautionary Statements ]: P210-P305 + P351 + P338-P370 + P378-P403 + P235
[ Personal Protective Equipment ]: Eyeshields;Faceshields;full-face respirator (US);Gloves;multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US)
[ Hazard Codes ]: F:Flammable
[ Risk Phrases ]: R11;R36;R66;R67
[ Safety Phrases ]: S9-S16-S26-S45-S36/37
[ RIDADR ]: UN 1090 3/PG 2
[ WGK Germany ]: 3
[ RTECS ]: AL3150000
[ Packaging Group ]: II
[ Hazard Class ]: 3
[ HS Code ]: 2914110000

 Customs

[ HS Code ]: 2914110000

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