acetic acid

acetic acid Structure
acetic acid
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Common Name acetic acid
CAS Number 64-19-7 Molecular Weight 60.052
Density 1.1±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point 117.1±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Formula C2H4O2 Melting Point 16.2 °C(lit.)
MSDSacetic acid MSDS|SDS|pdf download Chinese USA Flash Point 40.0±0.0 °C
Symbol GHS02 GHS05
GHS02, GHS05
Signal Word Danger

 Names

[ Name ]: acetic acid
[ Synonym ]: More Synonyms

 Chemical & Physical Properties

[ Density ]: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
[ Boiling Point ]: 117.1±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
[ Melting Point ]: 16.2 °C(lit.)
[ Molecular Formula ]: C2H4O2
[ Molecular Weight ]: 60.052
[ Flash Point ]: 40.0±0.0 °C
[ Exact Mass ]: 60.021130
[ PSA ]: 37.30000
[ LogP ]: -0.28
[ Vapour density ]: 2.07 (vs air)
[ Vapour Pressure ]: 13.9±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
[ Index of Refraction ]: 1.376
[ Water Solubility ]: miscible

 Toxicological Information

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
AF1225000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Acetic acid
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
64-19-7
BEILSTEIN REFERENCE NO. :
0506007
LAST UPDATED :
199806
DATA ITEMS CITED :
69
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C2-H4-O2
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
60.06
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
QV1

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
TYPE OF TEST :
Open irritation test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Rinsed with water
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
DOSE/DURATION :
1470 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - changes in structure or function of esophagus Gastrointestinal - ulceration or bleeding from small intestine Gastrointestinal - ulceration or bleeding from large intestine
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
DOSE/DURATION :
816 ppm/3M
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise specified Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - effect, not otherwise specified Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Rectal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - child
DOSE/DURATION :
281 uL/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - alteration in gastric secretion Liver - liver function tests impaired Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
308 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
3310 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LCLo - Lowest published lethal concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
16000 ppm/4H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
5620 ppm/1H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - conjunctive irritation Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - effect, not otherwise specified Blood - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
525 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - convulsions or effect on seizure threshold
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
600 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
1060 uL/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
600 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Rectal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
600 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
22680 mg/kg/9W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - food intake (animal) Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
5070 ug/m3/24H/95D-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes in urine composition Blood - changes in leukocyte (WBC) count Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - true cholinesterase
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
700 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
lactating female 18 day(s) post-birth
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - behavioral
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intratesticular
DOSE :
400 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
male 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - male fertility index (e.g. # males impregnating females per # males exposed to fertile nonpregnant females)
TYPE OF TEST :
Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction
TYPE OF TEST :
Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction
TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis
TYPE OF TEST :
Unscheduled DNA synthesis
TYPE OF TEST :
Mutation test systems - not otherwise specified

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis
TEST SYSTEM :
Rodent - hamster Ovary
REFERENCE :
MUREAV Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 1964- Volume(issue)/page/year: 240,195,1990 *** REVIEWS *** ACGIH TLV-STEL 37 mg/m3 (15 ppm) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 ACGIH TLV-TWA 25 mg/m3 (10 ppm) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW AMIHAB AMA Archives of Industrial Health. (Chicago, IL) V.11-21, 1955-60. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 21,28,1960 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW ARTODN Archives of Toxicology. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberger Pl. 3, D-1000 Berlin 33, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.32- 1974- Volume(issue)/page/year: 39,299,1978 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,7740,1989 MSHA STANDARD-air:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,2,1971 OSHA PEL (Gen Indu):8H TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1910.1000,1994 OSHA PEL (Construc):8H TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1926.55,1994 OSHA PEL (Shipyard):8H TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1915.1000,1993 OSHA PEL (Fed Cont):8H TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 41,50-204.50,1994 *** OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS *** OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3);STEL 15 ppm (37 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-AUSTRIA:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3);STEL 15 ppm (37 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-FINLAND:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3);STEL 15 ppm (37 mg/m3);Skin JAN 1993 OEL-FRANCE:STEL 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-GERMANY:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 10 mg/m3;STEL 20 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-INDIA:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3);STEL 15 ppm (37 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-JAPAN:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-POLAND:TWA 5 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 10 ppm;STEL 5 mg/m3;Skin JAN 1993 OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3);STEL 15 ppm (35 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3);STEL 20 ppm (50 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-THAILAND:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-TURKEY:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3);STEL 15 ppm (35 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGIH TLV *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LEVEL (REL) : NIOSH REL TO ACETIC ACID-air:10H TWA 10 ppm;STEL 15 ppm REFERENCE : NIOSH* National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda. Volume(issue)/page/year: DHHS #92-100,1992 NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 01568 No. of Facilities: 51469 (estimated) No. of Industries: 264 No. of Occupations: 150 No. of Employees: 486503 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 01568 No. of Facilities: 49403 (estimated) No. of Industries: 266 No. of Occupations: 169 No. of Employees: 907205 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 322123 (estimated)

 Safety Information

[ Symbol ]: GHS02 GHS05
GHS02, GHS05
[ Signal Word ]: Danger
[ Hazard Statements ]: H226-H314
[ Precautionary Statements ]: P210-P260-P280-P303 + P361 + P353-P305 + P351 + P338 + P310-P370 + P378
[ Personal Protective Equipment ]: Faceshields;full-face respirator (US);Gloves;Goggles;multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US);type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter
[ Hazard Codes ]: C:Corrosive
[ Risk Phrases ]: R10;R35
[ Safety Phrases ]: S26-S36/37/39-S45-S23-S24/25
[ RIDADR ]: UN 1792 8/PG 2
[ WGK Germany ]: 3
[ RTECS ]: NN1650000
[ Packaging Group ]: II
[ Hazard Class ]: 8
[ HS Code ]: 29152100

 Customs

[ HS Code ]: 29152100

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